When it comes to strengthening productive capacities, French cooperation focuses more particularly on three sectors: agriculture, tourism and the private financial sector.
French cooperation has set three priorities in the agricultural sector :
- Support to increase and improve agricultural production of both traded and staple crops;
- Promote well-balanced development and management of rural areas, in synergy with the cities; and
- Prepare and implement policies and regulations in agriculture.
2) Support for the tourism sector
While the first interventions of French cooperation in the tourism sector basically involved developing hotel infrastructure, what is now targeted is ensuring that the development of tourism has a multiplier effect on the whole range of socio-economic and cultural activities of the partner countries, as well as generating income at all levels, above all for the local populations, while preserving the environment and protecting eco-systems: Thus, in the framework of the national strategy for sustainable development, the actions of the French cooperation are increasingly targeting the development of sustainable tourism.
3) Support for the private sector (see the “Trade-related Financial Services” section)
Endorsement of Potato Exports – Guinea
This is a project funded by the French Government and implemented by the Federation des Paysans de Fouta Djallon (FPFD). The project was launched in 2005, and is budgeted for €470,000 with an additional allowance of €90,000 for a study of other Guinean agricultural products that have a potential to become a viable industry. The main objectives of the project are to increase the country’s revenues and improve the standard of living of the Guinean farmers by diversifying the Guinean products for exports. The project specifically aims at endorsing potato export to neighbouring countries with the end results of the general increase in potato export, and increasing the number of potato farmers and exporters in the Fouta Djallon region of Guinea thus increasing their revenues. Another outcome of this project is to study possible agricultural products such as shea, pineapple, mango, cashew nuts, and coffee, viable for export. This project increases the production and export of the Guinea potato from 6,000 tons in 2003 to 16,000 tons today, which increased job opportunities especially for the youth, and the women of Guinea while also providing the country with a nutritious and affordable alternate to rice and corn. Guinea is one of the thirteen countries benefiting from the Programme de Renforcement des Capacités Commerciales (PRCC) (see below for a complete description of the PRCC).
For more information: www.afd.fr/jahia/webdav/site/afd/users/administrateur/.../prcc-en.pdf
Support for the Economic Development of cotton zones – Mali
This project was launched in 2000 with a budget of€6.5M. The project was renewed in 2007 and received a grant of €11M. This project aims to promote sustainable economic development in the cotton zones by (i) increasing productivity and diversifying activities on farms in the cotton system; (ii) strengthening the capacities of the network of cotton producers’ cooperatives; (iii) improving the mobilization, dissemination and analysis of information for all actors in the industry and the State. The program overall objective is to support reforms in the cotton industry and finalize the structuring of farmers organizations’ into cooperatives with the implementation of an apex organization, the National Union of Cotton Producers’ Cooperative Societies (UN-SCPC) which was set up in March 2007.
Supporting Producer Organisations – Burkina Faso
AFD is implementing an ambitious project to strengthen Burkina Faso’s cotton sector from an institutional, technical, economic and environmental point of view (€11M ). The project is mainly based on the Burkina Faso National Union of Cotton Producers (UNPCB), which has been entrusted with delegated project ownership. The UNPCB was set up in 1998 and has since played a major role in sector management. The project activities are as follows: (i) develop actions to increase producers’ revenues (e.g. literacy, soil fertility management, and diversification); (ii) enhance the structuring of producers’ organizations (e.g. management advice to grassroots groups, training for managers); (iii) improve the economic, social and financial environment of the whole sector.
For more information:www.afd.fr
Strengthen commercial ability of National Tea Company in Burundi (OTB)
This project (implemented under the Programme de Renforcement des Capacités Commerciales (PRCC) -- see below for a complete description of the PRCC) aims at increasing tea production and promoting its value on international market. Burundi’s tea is produced at high altitudes and its quality is highly appreciated. The first component of the project aims at establishing a quality approach from the producer to the customer. One of the results expected is to get a certification (Rain Forest or ISO 22 000) for two OTB regions (among 5). The objective of the second component is to improve OTB commercial capacities in order to develop direct selling. At last, third component is focusing on capacity building for stakeholders in the value chain, included ministry of agriculture and farmers organizations. An important part of the budget will be dedicated to support from a technical assistance (planned for two years).
For more information: www.afd.fr
Strengthen commercial capacities of Mugama Union- Kenya
The general objective of the project is to improve the incomes of Mugama Union Cooperatives’ members by increasing productivity of the coffee plantations and by developing quality marks. 34 cooperatives, which correspond to 102 000 producers are members of Mugama Union. Production of coffee decreased in the past (due to low price) but quality is still appreciated.
This project will help Mugama Unions to: i) strengthen its cooperatives in order to improve quantity and quality of coffee; ii) to characterize its coffee; iii) support its cooperatives to get a better price for coffee; iv) develop a legal framework in Kenya for quality marks especially GIs.
For more information: www.afd.fr
Fond Français pour l’Environnement Mondial
The MAE will launch in 2013 a programme with french funds, entitled, “Fond Français pour l’Environnement Mondial (FFEM)”, which aims at developing fair tourism and fair trade supply chains in Equator in the Yasumi national parc (the total amount of the project is €4M).
Société du Pôle de Compétitivité de Sousse (SPCS) – Tunisia
AFD granted in December 2010 € 750,000 to the Société du Pôle de Compétitivité de Sousse (SPCS) in order to facilitate and support the establishment of a business cluster in the field of mechatronics. The main aim of the project is i) to animate the mechanical, electrical and electronic sectors in Tunisia and ii) to promote the structuring of the private sector through the creation of a well formalized and operational Cluster in the mecatronich field and facilitate the dissemination of cluster approach throughout other productive export oriented sector.
Phytotrade – Africa
This is to finance the improvement of collection (quality) of plants and seeds from the harvest of natural communities in developing countries: thus, increasing their incomes, and in the context of fair trade, also assist communities in self-management of their natural resources. Part of the project is focused on the organization of collectors, the establishment of standards for traceability and quality control, the ability to raise products to market standards. At the same time, FFEM supports monitoring compliance with the natural environment, the sustainability of the resource, biodiversity and the capacity of tribal communities to manage it all. However, FFEM also works with “mid-chain” societies, processors and exporters, thereby ensuring that processing and packaging are made in Africa, so there is a real work of promoting products and the construction of value chains.
Fair Tourism in Madagascar. The MAE launched in 2012 a pilot project for fair tourism capacity building in Madagascar (20 000€).
Development of Palestinian privately-owned companies: In the framework of a Financial Protocol signed between the French Government and the Palestinian National Authority represented by the Ministry of National Economy on April 8th, 2010, a grant of 5 million Euros was allocated to the promotion of Palestinian privately-owned local companies with a priority for projects in the Industrial Zone of Bethlehem. This French Grant is directed to Palestinian privately-owned companies as a financial support for their development. The grant is used to encourage the establishment of new companies in the fields of industry, tourism, agriculture and services, or the modernization and the strengthening of existing private Palestinian companies. Range of Grant limits per each eligible private Palestinian company / project that purchases French goods and/or services, representing 35% of external financing, are between €35,000 and €500,000. The project external financing shall be acquired through a loan from one of the program accredited banks. Since 2009, eight projects have been financed through French Grant, mainly in the food-processing industry.