This project builds on the successful experience of the programme Exports through the Postal Services System, implemented by the Brazilian government through the Brazilian Post Office. The use of postal services, which provide logistic services for exportation, has both facilitated exportations and strengthened South American postal infrastructure. In this context, in February 2007 Peru signed a cooperation programme with Brazil and has fully implemented Exporta Fácil. Brazil and Peru now work together to implement the programme in Uruguay (launched in March 2009). Brazil is also expecting to extend Exporta Fácil to at least three Latin American countries this year.
Programme of Competitive Substitution of Imports
To diminish the imbalance in trade with Latin American countries, and to stimulate trade relations with the countries in its vicinity, Brazil has launched the Programme of Competitive Substitution of Imports. Brazilian experts are sent in missions to Latin American countries so as to promote seminars and technical training on how to export to Brazil. The local enterprises receive indications on trade opportunities and Brazilian entrepreneurs have the opportunity to identify local suppliers. The missions are usually composed of diplomats, government officers from trade-related areas and businesspersons. Recently, seminars were organized in three lower-middle-income countries: Ecuador, Peru and Paraguay.
Project Centre for Professional Training Brazil–Jamaica (Hotel Maintenance in the Tourism Sector)
Established in 2006 (Decisions CMC 45/04 and 18/05), FOCEM epitomizes Mercosur’s commitment to bridging the development gap between the countries of the region. It aims at funding the development of infrastructure and social cohesion in Mercosur. The Fund is made up of contributions from the four Member States that amount to US$100 million annually, of which Brazil contributes US$70 million (70 per cent): Brazil is the major contributor to the Fund. In the XXXVI Meeting of the Common Market Council, held in Salvador on 15 December 2008, President Lula announced that Brazil was free willingly committed to double its contributions.
Paraguay and Uruguay are the main beneficiaries of FOCEM and Brazil and Argentina are the main contributors.
There are also various other projects under this category, such as:
- Project – Institutional Strengthening of Professional and Technological Education in Benin in the areas of Agro-Ecology and Cooperativism;
- Project – Support to the Development of the Culture of Rice in Senegal;
- The Cotton-4 Project, which increases the competitivity of the productive chain of cotton in Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali.