The implementation of South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) Indonesia is coordinated by National Coordination Team (NTC), Co-chaired by the Minister of National Development Planning/Chairperson of Bappenas and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Vice Minister of National Development Planning/Vice Chairperson of Bappenas act as the Vice Chairperson I, Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs as the Vice Chairperson II, and members consisting of Echelon I Line Ministries, and private sector representatives. The NCT has appointed Director of International Development Cooperation, Bappenas as a Chair of Technical Committee to implement the coordination of SSTC on daily basis.
The NTC consist of 3 Working Group (WG) which covers Institutional Framework in WG1, Program and Funding in WG2, and Monitoring Evaluation and Publication, Knowledge Management in WG3. The NCT on South-South Cooperation has established a website as source of information on Indonesia South-South Cooperation which can be accessed at http://www.ssc-indonesia.org.
At present, an inter-ministerial team is finalising a grand design for Indonesia’s South-South Cooperation through to 2025. Donor countries (Indonesia’s development partners) have a unique opportunity to help shape the future direction of Indonesia’s provision of foreign aid. To be effective, development partners will need to engage with Indonesia on equal terms on areas of mutual interest, such as the provision of assistance in the region, to countries such as Myanmar.
In 2012, Indonesia hosted a high-level forum on knowledge exchange involving more than 300 policy-makers and practitioners from 46 countries. To further signal to its commitment on South-South and Triangular Cooperation, Indonesia also agreed to contribute substantially to the World Bank’s South-South Exchange Facility, a multi-donor trust fund executed by the World Bank Institute.
Since 1981, Indonesia has been improving institutional capacity along with the development of human resources. Indonesia cooperated with the Japanese Agency for International Development to provide TCDC technical assistance for developing countries in Africa, Asia, the Paciﬁc Ocean region and Latin America in the form of educational programmes and training for specialists. Thousands of participants visited Indonesia and have been trained on various programmes.
The conference, Towards Country-Led Knowledge Hubs, which took place 10-11 July, focused on how to build stronger institutions that play a key role as ‘knowledge exchange hubs’—gathering lessons learned and building networks to share them more systematically. This first global high-level meeting to boost knowledge exchange between developing countries was attended by at least 200 policy-makers and representatives from 40 countries.
At the two-day meeting organized by the Government of Indonesia, the World Bank, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP), participants presented several institutional arrangements for knowledge sharing. They ranged from Singapore’s Cooperation Enterprise and Brazil’s agricultural research and technology transfer hub (Embrapa) to the international development cooperation agencies established by Colombia, Mexico and South Africa.
The high-level meeting acknowledges the crucial role of knowledge exchange in the development agenda. Today, countries want to learn from the practical experiences of their peers and practitioners increasingly want to be connected to each other, across countries, across regions.
In 2011, Indonesia and Vanuatu signed an Agreement between the countries on the Framework for Development Cooperation Agreement (DCA). The Agreement serves as the umbrella of agreement and encompasses a wide range of cooperation and partnership including agriculture, marine affairs and fisheries, forestry, education, trade and investment, technical cooperation, tourism, transportation, police, cooperation in international organizations related to development issues.