In addition to support to the energy sector, transport is a sector in which France traditionally intervenes. Its strategy includes other dimensions than trade such as improving communications for local populations to give them better access to basic goods and services, as well as protecting the local and global environment by promoting cleaner forms of energy.
In addition to helping finance infrastructure facilities, the AFD supports for instance reforms to improve the management of the sector, with priority being given to a pragmatic context-specific approach that is negotiated with the partner governments and users, and elaborated in consultation with other donor agencies. These initiatives cover all forms of transport.
Agence Nationale des Ports (ANP) in Morocco
As part of its strategy, the ANP is planning to implement major upgrading and development operations as described in its investment plan for 2012-2016, worth DHS 2,7 billion. This investment programme includes: the maintenance of its port assets, le strengthening of the competitiveness of the ports through capacity increase and the promotion of fair competition between operators, the upgrading of ports in term of security and safety. The financing of this investment programme is supported by the French Development Agency (AFD) with a EUR 50 million loan and a EUR 300 thousand grant to support ANP in the implementation of its social and environmental policy. Through this financing, the AFD is contributing to ANP’s efforts to stimulate ports, at the regional level in particular, in order to foster economic development in those regions. This is especially true of the Region Sous-Massa, which is highly dependent on the port in Agadir.
Investment financed through the AFD loan covers interventions for rehabilitation, upgrading and development of port infrastructure. The main interventions are located as follows : Nador Port (extension of platform, reinforcement of dikes and piers), Cala Iris Port (reinforcement of protection works), Kenitra Port (technical study), JorfLasfar Port (reinforcement of protection works), Safi Port (reinforcement of platform, leveling of cales de halage), Agadir Port (rehabilitation of the platforms in the commercial area, extension of multipurpose platforms, rehabilitation of platforms in the fishing area, and construction of the third gate).
Road Development Authority in Sri Lanka
The road network in Sri Lanka consists in about 100, 000 km of roads. Major investments have been made by the Government of Sri Lanka to improve this infrastructure and make it able to meet the increasing mobility needs. The program consists in the furniture of 46 steel bridges, the rehabilitation of which being considered as a priority being in poor condition. The financing of this investment programme is supported by the French Ministry of Finance with a €22 million loan. Through this financing, the French Ministry of Finance is contributing to RDA’s efforts to open up rural regions and thus foster their economic development.
Agence pour la sécurité de la navigation aérienne en Afrique et à Madagascar (ASECNA)
Safe and efficient air travel is essential for economic growth and international business activity in Africa. Air traffic control facilities across Africa will be upgraded to international standards, improve safety and reliability and ensure more efficient air transport through the African air traffic control agency ASECNA. This will improve navigation and control systems, meteorological systems and security infrastructure in airspace managed by ASECNA in West Africa, the Atlantic and Madagascar. This project to upgrade and improve air traffic control infrastructure is supported by a € 2 million technical assistance grant from the EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund, a EUR 40 million loan from the French Development Agency, AFD and a EUR 40 million loan from Europe’s long-term lending institution, the European Investment Bank.
Growth in air traffic in ASECNA airspace grew by more than 7% over the last decade, more than the global growth rate. African air travel is expected to continue to growth over coming years and long-term investment planning by ASECNA takes account of this. ASECNA is a multinational air-traffic control agency covering airspace 1.5 times the size of Europe from flight centres in Dakar, Brazzaville, Niamey, N’Djamena and Antananarivo. ASECNA manages 10 regional air traffic control centres, 57 control towers, 25 international and 76 national airports. The upgrading will replace outdated assets and improve safety, efficiency and air traffic services in all 17 Africa states belonging to ASECNA. Investment by the agency will include improved air traffic management software and radio links, implementation of a secure broadband satellite network, improved runway and approach lighting, better weather radar and aerodrome area weather systems and building renovation. The project is expected to be fully implemented by 2015.
Second Rural Access and Mobility Project (RAMP) in Nigeria
The objective of the Second Rural Access and Mobility Project for Nigeria is to improve transport conditions and bring sustained access to the rural population through rehabilitating and maintaining key rural transport infrastructure in a sustainable manner in selected Nigerian states. The project has three components. (1) Upgrading and Rehabilitation of Rural Transport Infrastructure component will finance the upgrading and/or rehabilitation of an estimated 1,450 km of rural roads in tier-one states. In addition, about 65 river-crossings will be financed under this component in order to ensure minimal access at locations selected for their importance for agricultural productivity or to give access to social services. (2) Community-based road maintenance and annual mechanized maintenance component will finance the maintenance of the roads rehabilitated under Component 1, as well as a few other pilot roads to build up the maintenance system while the roads are being rehabilitated. Pilot programs will be initiated in each one of the tier-one states for up to 50 km of rural roads rehabilitated through other means. (3) Project Management and Strengthening of State and Federal Road Sector Institutional, Policy and Regulatory Framework component will provide a comprehensive institutional development package at the state and federal levels to: (a) support an effective implementation of the project (including through technical audits, whenever needed); (b) design and implement sound rural transport policies; (c) improve the planning and execution of public expenditures in rural transport; and (d) promote the dissemination of best practices, as well as to prepare a possible scaling up of the project in tier one and tier two states.This project is supported by a USD 60 million loan from the French Development Agency, AFD and a USD 170 million credit from the International Development Association (IDA).