Compliance Support Infrastructure and Services > Norway

The objective of this global research project is to publish a Guide to Private Standards in selected manufacturing sectors (e.g. textiles and apparel, furniture and wood products, leather and footwear, chemicals, etc.) which will be a practical ‘guidebook’ to provide developing country exports access to a practical inventory of private standards for selected manufacturing sectors and their implications for developing country exporters. This guidebook will help developing country manufacturers and suppliers to respond to the growing importance of compliance with private standards in export markets. The findings will also lead to more focused formulation of technical assistance projects. (UNIDO 2008 -2011) USD 0.5 million

Guide to Private Standards

The objective of this global research project is to publish a Guide to Private Standards in selected manufacturing sectors (e.g. textiles and apparel, furniture and wood products, leather and footwear, chemicals, etc.) which will be a practical ‘guidebook’ to provide developing country exports access to a practical inventory of private standards for selected manufacturing sectors and their implications for developing country exporters. This guidebook will help developing country manufacturers and suppliers to respond to the growing importance of compliance with private standards in export markets. The findings will also lead to more focused formulation of technical assistance projects. (UNIDO 2008 -2011) US$ 0.5 million

Trade Compliance Report

In particular the Trade Compliance Report will analyze rejections of developing countries’ exports at border entry to major international markets, identify the reasons for such rejections and evaluate the financial losses caused. Against the picture of such trade compliance challenges and export losses, the Trade Compliance Report will then analyze the exporting countries’ ability to prevent such export losses, either through preventing the cause of rejection or through efficient local conformity assessment services prior to shipment of the goods in the framework of a national or regional quality infrastructure. (UNIDO 2008-2012) US$ 0.41 million

Trade Capacity Building in Agro-industry Products EAC (UNIDO – US$ 5.14 million )

Details of this project is cross-referenced in Supply Capacity, as it is applicable to both trade-related categories.

Accreditation Infrastructure Bangladesh

Institutional cooperation between Norwegian Accreditation (NA) and Bangladesh Accreditation Board (BAB)

The Bangladesh Accreditation Board is the National Accreditation Authority established in 2006 as an autonomous organization to upgrade the quality assurance infrastructure and conformity assessment procedures in Bangladesh and enhance the recognition and acceptance of products and services in international, regional and domestic markets. This board offers accreditation for different types of conformity assessment bodies (laboratories, certification and inspection bodies) in accordance with international principles. However, BAB is not a signatory to the Asian Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC) and the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) Multilateral Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) for international acceptance of tests, calibrations, inspections and certification performed by the indigenous laboratories, inspection bodies and certification bodies. BAB has minimal credibility without APLAC-ILAC and IAF MRAs. The objective of the programme is to ensure that BAB has established the necessary infrastructure for handling applications, assessment of conformity assessment bodies and surveillance visits of accredited bodies by using technically competent personnel and appropriate recognized quality systems. The ultimate goal of the programme is to ensure that BAB becomes a signatory to Multilateral Recognition Arrangements established by APLAC, ILAC and IAF. This project enriches the EU and Norad-funded Better Work and Standards Programme (BEST) output related to accreditation capacity building in Bangladesh. (UNIDO 2011 -2014) US$ 1.5 million

ARFIMETS (Intra-Africa Metrology System):

The Intra-Africa Metrology System (AFRlMETS) seeks to promote metrology in Africa to facilitate intra-African and international trade, especially to provide tools to overcome technical and sanitary and phytosanitary barriers to trade. The challenge of this project is to help to fill the gaps in metrology and measurement systems in Africa, especially in national metrology infrastructure, measurement standards, and lack of institutional competences and skills that are recognized internationally. The objective of this project is to provide African testing laboratories and exporting business units increased access to domestic and affordable calibration services from local National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) that are reliable and internationally traceable. The outcome of this project is to enhance the Intra-African Metrology System (AFRIMETS) to provide assistance to obtain international recognition of the metrology programmes of the African NMIs and LMOs. (UNIDO 2009 -2011) US$ 0.8 million

Establishment of Vietnam’s Fisheries Law and Regulations, Phase II –“bringing law to life”

Phase II of the Fisheries Law project is focused on improving the Vietnamese fisheries’ legal framework by developing sub-laws, raising public awareness and building capacity. The programme is implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam in close collaboration with the Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries, Directorate of Fisheries and the Legal Office of FAO. One important project tool is the setting up of pilot models, which are used to obtain practical experience on which to base the development of legislation and sub-legislation. The total budget for Phase II was US$ 4.1 million (2005 – 2011). The programme’s immediate objective is to improve the legal framework and strengthen institutional capacity for the better management and development of Vietnam’s fisheries sector. Five pilot models were rolled out in 2006.

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Strengthening International Certification Capacity – Sri Lanka

The main purpose is to ensure good health practices and promote food safety and to ensure the sustainability of the training and certification center.

The main Outcome is: National capacity creation related to address market access requirements and technical barriers to trade (TBT) relating to HACCP/ISO 22000 requirements.

The Outputs are the following:

  • A model for private sector driven certification developed;
  • National capacity and certification capacity developed in the country for the ISO 22000/HACCP system development and certification
  • Support the development and implementation of a national conformity mark for GMP/GHP/GAP in the catering and restaurant sector and the agricultural sector
  • Sustainability of the new certification body private sector business chambers (CNCI and NCE) partnership for HACCP/ISO 22000

(UNIDO 2006 – 2012) US$ 1.5 million

ISO 9001 – Asia – Impact Study

Implementation of ISO 9001 - Quality Management System (QMS) in Asian developing countries - Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand,Viet Nam: Survey covering system development, certification, accreditation and economic benefits

SAARC - South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation & South East Asia - ISO 90001 QMS Impact Study

The project aims to conduct a survey based research study having the following objectives: a) to assess the impact of ISO 9001 certifications on the performance of certified companies; and b) to assess the effectiveness of the certification process with a view to ascertain whether it has benefited the stakeholders, mainly customers of certified companies and ultimately consumers. The expected outcomes of the project are: - Improved empirical evidence on the economic impact of management system certification in industries in SAARC & South East Asian countries; - Improved knowledgebase for national standards, certification and accreditation bodies, governments, regulators, ISO and IAF on management system certification and supporting schemes; - Best practices and policy guidelines for improvement of functioning of management system certification bodies and accreditation boards. (UNIDO – 2009 – 2012) US$ 0.7 million


Strategic cooperation between UNIDO and European Commission Directorate General for consumer health and consumers (DG SANCO) – development and pilot applications of a food safety alert rapid response facility (FSA-RRF). The Director-General of UNIDO and the Commissioner of DG Sanco exchanged letters to identify areas of potential cooperation. The cooperation aims at enabling developing countries to avoid export losses and to secure market access to international markets through: - the development and pilot application of a Food Safety Alert Rapid Response Facility (shortterm rapid response technical assistance provided by UNIDO to prevent export losses in developing countries); - better use of EC information on non-compliance of developing countries’ exports in the design of new technical assistance projects to ensure more targeted T A delivery (unprecedented access to EC-RASFF data and FVO Inspection Reports for UNIDO as basis for analysis. (UNIDO 2011 -2013) US$ 0.3 million

Southern African Development Community Accreditation Service (SADCAS)

The overall goal of the project is to provide the SADC Member States with an appropriate accreditation mechanism. The purpose is to provide SADC Member States with tools for the accreditation of laboratories (test and calibration), certification bodies (for quality and environment management systems, personnel and products) and inspection bodies. The expected outputs are: SADCAS infrastructure established, SADCAS initiating the accreditation of laboratories, inspection bodies and certification bodies and Nation Accreditation Focal Points are operational. The project period is 2007-2012 with Norad grant amount approximately US$ 2.2 million.

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SAARC II Programme - Market Access and Trade Facilitation Support for South Asian LDCs, through strengthening Institutional and National Capacities related to Standards, Metrology, Testing and Quality (SMTQ) – (SAARC-SMTQ phase II)

The project is a follow-up of Phase I of the Market Access Programme, an earlier project which assessed the issues confronting SAARC LDCs response to trade barriers through standards, conformity assessment and laboratory testing procedures. The objective of this project is to build upon the achievements of the earlier phase. In so doing, it seeks to facilitate the industrial development and export capabilities and consequently to spur the economic growth of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Maldives by reducing technical barriers to trade through the strengthening of institutional structures and national capacities in standards, metrology, testing, quality and conformity assessment. This project also aims to protect domestic society against substandard and hazardous product imports. The needs of the four SAARC LDCs under the project will be addressed separately due to the diversity of these needs in the areas of SMTQ as well as their socio-economic circumstances. 
(UNIDO 2007 – 2012) US$ 3.1 million

Mekong III - TCB for Mekong Delta countries Phase III

The liberalized global trade regime provides developing countries opportunities for export-driven growth, as well as challenges. In addition, the Mekong countries, i.e. Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam, have the potential to integrate and benefit from regional trade. NORAD has funded capacity-building interventions in these three countries since 2003. These interventions have been instrumental in setting up and strengthening the legal and regulatory framework relating to TBT/SPS compliance, in particular, national standards, metrology legal framework, product certification, testing and metrology laboratories. Developing standards and compliance capabilities require significant funding and time. It is necessary now to consolidate the recent achievements, and address the remaining institutional and capacity building gaps. This phase of the NORAD-UNIDO intervention targets on the following key outputs:1) Strengthening the capabilities of the Institute of Standards, Cambodia (ISC) to enable them to provide Cambodian industries and commercial interests with national standards and product and systems certification services; 2) Strengthened industrial and legal metrology infrastructure of Cambodia; 3) Strengthening the testing capacities of selected laboratories in rubber, chemical and microbiology testing with expanded accredited testing scopes; 4) In collaboration with Cambodia Chamber of Commerce, awareness on quality among industrialists, consumers and the general population created. 5) Strengthening the capabilities of Division of Standards and Quality (DSQ) to enable them to provide Lao PDR industries and commercial interests with national standards, product certification services, standards library and TBT enquiry services; 6) Creating awareness on the impact of Organic Certification for enhanced trade; 7) Strengthening industrial and legal metrology infrastructure of Lao PDR; 8) Developing and strengthening the capabilities of selected testing laboratories to enable them to provide Lao PDR industries and commercial interests with enhanced testing services. (UNIDO 2011 -2014) US$ 2.0 million

Strengthening National Quality Infrastructure for Trade – Myanmar

The purpose for the main project is to facilitate the process of Myanmar’s integration into international trade system through strengthening institutional SMTQ capacities.

The tentative Outcome for the main project is the following: Increased trade and advancement in industrial development in the long-term.

The Outputs for the preparatory phase are the following: i) Full-fledged project document elaborating the services to be provided by UNIDO, including elaboration of framework, areas of interventions, strategies and implementation structure based on a comprehensive mapping exercise/thorough analysis and consultations with counterparts and stakeholders in the country; and ii) National Quality Policy adopted by the Government of Myanmar.

The Outputs for the main project are:

  1. NQI long-term strategy and vision developed: NQI master plan for holistic development
  2. Strengthened capacities related to Standards, Metrology, Testing and Quality (SMTQ)
  3. Established and upgraded laboratories to support the competitiveness of priority sectors
  4. Established product certification schemes and management systems certification body to obtain international recognition

(UNIDO 2012 -2015) US$ 0.2 million

Quality Policy and Infrastructure Development – Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone has been a member of WTO since 23 July 1995. However, the country does not dispose of a National Quality Policy; a well developed Competent Authority for fisheries to ensure the quality and safety of the exported fishery products which is one of the major exports of the country or basic capabilities for micro-biological and chemical testing of products and facilities for equipment calibration for ensuring the accuracy of measurement. As a consequence of the non-existence such infrastructure local population is at various risks through imported sub-standard products whilst exports are inevitably more difficult and the country is thus not in a position to meet the EU export requirements for fisheries and capitalize on this area of exports which is an important trade flow for developing countries around the world.

This project will focus on

  1. Supporting the development of a National Quality Policy
  2. Supporting the development of a Competent Authority for fisheries exports and
  3. Upgrading and development of the national testing laboratory infrastructure with respect to chemical, microbiological, metrology/calibration laboratories.

(UNIDO 2011 -2012) US$ 0.3 million

Trade Capacity Building in Zambia - Joint UNIDO-WTO Trade Capacity-Building Programme Framework

Through this project the Zambian Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry will be assisted in reviewing the legislative framework surrounding Metrology, Standards, Testing and Quality (MSTQ) issues with particular emphasis on revising the Standards Act and upgrading facilities and building capacity within the Zambia Bureau of Standards (ZABS), the Zambia Weights and Measures Agency (ZWEMA) and the Food and Drug Agency’s Food and Drug Control Laboratory (FDA) under the Zambian Ministry of Health. The project will also address an emerging barrier to export honey to South Africa by enhancing the sector’s ability to prove conformity as well as assist the food exporters by improving the aflotoxin management and testing capacity. In addition, the project will strengthen the TBT (Techncial Barriers to Trade) and SPS (Sanitary and phytosanitary measures) compliance infrastructure with focus on ZABS and the laboratories of the Plant Quarantine and Protection Service (PQPS) of the Zambian Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives.(2009-2012). (UNIDO 2009 -2012) US$ 4.14 million

Trade Capacity Building - Malawi

UNDP, AfDB and EU has agreed to finance a major PSD Program in Malawi (approx. US$ 30 mill). UNIDO has been invited by UNDP to partner to the SQAM component and requested by MoI to do the same. Norad has agreed in principle to partfinance up to €2 million (US$ 2.8 million) subject to positive appraisal of final Project Document. The current agreement is limited to the necessary first review and recommendations as a basis for deciding on the full program. The Outcome of this will be: “Legislative and MBS Institutional environment in support of the national metrology infrastructure strengthened”. (UNIDO 2011-2016) US$ 2.8 million

Market Access and Trade Capacity Building – Swaziland

The objective of the project is to reform the Swaziland Standards Authority’s (SWASA) institutional structure and consolidate its operational capacity through decentralization of its activities so that it is aligned with international norms –as well as to bring the modernization of the government regulatory system to ensure good use of the SQAM services that are being developed. Furthermore, it aims to constitute a national certification body that corresponds with regional accreditation and international practices for the removal of TBTs in both voluntary and regulatory areas. Official controls need to be incorporated to strengthen the integrity of production management systems, as well as to improve food safety conditions so that crucial products can maintain access to export markets. Since access to international markets is increasingly subject to ISO 9000, HACCP and other international standards, the implementation of internationally recognized national conformity assessment infrastructures and food safety control systems will facilitate Swaziland’s access to profitable export markets such as the EU, EFTA and the USA, as well as improving the goods and food available to the Swazi marketplace.

The outcomes resulting from this project build on those identified in mid-2010 for the establishment of an industrial metrology laboratory to provide an interlocking set of mutually supporting initiatives to achieve the following:

  • Consumer legislation developed in line with good regulatory practice;
  • SWASA structure modified to eliminate perceived conflict between certification activities and other activities, such as training and coaching;
  • Operational SWASA certification body;
  • Commercial calibration/verification/inspection/attestation services;
  • Support to and facilitation of local laboratories and the National Laboratory Association;
  • Awareness/recognition of SQAM (standards, quality, accreditation, metrology - term used in SADC to represent SMTQ). (UNIDO 2012 -2016) US$ 1.2 million

Market Access and Trade Capacity Building – Namibia

The overall aims of the project include the following:

A review of the Namibia Quality Policy of 1999, with the aim of modernizing it in the light of the manifold changes that have taken place in standardization, metrology, accreditation and conformity assessment over the past decade, and to extend its scope to also include technical regulation and product liability. This review will also help Namibia put mechanisms in place to comply with its obligations under the recently promulgated TBT Annex to the SADC Trade Protocol.

  • Strengthening Namibia’s export capabilities in fish, fish products, meat and meat products.
  • The revitalization of the metrology infrastructure.
  • Conducting a study to evaluate the feasibility of establishing of a national certification body in Namibia.

(UNIDO 2012 -2016) US$ 2.1 million

Better Work and Standards Programme – Bangladesh

Co-funding with: EU (€ 15.0 million) and Bangladesh Government (€ 5.0 million in-kind)

Request for Norwegian funding €EURO 1.24 million /UNIDO)

The programme has three components:

  • Better Quality Infrastructure (BQI) : aims to strengthen the overall national quality conformity assessment infrastructure and integrate it with the international quality infrastructure in order to increase consumer protection through improved product safety and quality features and improve competitiveness so as to allow Bangladesh to better exploit global market opportunities.
  • Better Fisheries Quality (BFQ): aims to strengthen the national quality infrastructure for fish and fish products to meet safety and quality requirements in export markets, improve competitiveness and take advantage of global market opportunities, particularly in EU markets. -Better Work in Textiles and Garments (BWTG): (details are provided under the category Supply Capacity)