South-South cooperation mechanisms
South-South cooperation is included within the ‘Regional Dimensions’ aspect of UNIDO’s long-term Vision Statement.(GC.11/8 IDB.30/23). UNIDO Centers for South-South Industrial Cooperation (UCSSIC) are established in China and India, with the mandate to:
- Provide a platform to encourage closer industrial cooperation among developing countries, so as to ensure that the less developed can benefit from the expertise and experience of successful strategies adopted by the more developed among the developing countries.
- Design practical and innovative projects to facilitate the transfer and diffusion of appropriate technologies, the replication of best practices and promote training, skill development and capacity enhancement in entrepreneurship, trade and investment, either in established fields or in new ones, with social and economic development potential for developing countries in general and LDCs in particular.
- Act as a catalyst, to leverage various on-going projects of governments as well as of UNIDO, and channelize them into coherent initiatives to enhance their effectiveness, and leverage their benefits to sharpen their South-South cooperation component.
Among the modes of delivery of the developmental cooperation are:
- Awareness Building & Information Sharing
- Best Practices Replication
- Technology Transfer & Diffusion/capacity building
- Training & Skills Development
- Entrepreneurship & Investment Promotion in the regions
Similar centers are planned to be established in Indonesia, Egypt, Morocco, South Africa and Argentina.
Selected projects managed by UCSSIC China and India:
Capacity building assistance to develop an Enterprise Development and Investment Promotion (EDIP) Programme for China:
The project (May 2010-May 2011) promoted capacity building for business associations by introducing to China new enterprise development module (EDIP) that best combines entrepreneurship development, training, consultative and financial services together for business starters (mainly college graduates and potential entrepreneurs at micro, small and medium levels) to enhance enterprise creation and growth practices.
The capacity building approach was implemented through on-the-job trainings and seminars both in China and Bahrain, where the program was first launched by the Arab Regional Centre for Entrepreneurship & Investment Training (ARCEIT), developed by ITPO Bahrain, which also provided in-kind contribution to this project. About 100 people directly benefited from the Training of Trainers (TOT) courses and indirect beneficiaries are numbered at about 1,000 by attending further trainings or receiving consulting services. The project won 2011 the HP LIFE Award (HP Learning Initiative for Entrepreneurs) for its innovative approach to foster grassroots business development in China.
UNIDO Business and Investment Roundtable for Promoting South-South Investment and Partnership between China and Latin American Countries:
Under the leadership of UNIDO, China and two Latin American countries, Brazil and Venezuela, took the initiative to arrange for a Business and Investment Roundtable for Promoting South-South Investment and Partnership between China and Latin American Countries. In cooperation with a delegation of Chinese entrepreneurs ,Brazil and Venezuela developed, in the second half of 2010, portfolio of proposals for business collaborations in selected LAC countries through identification and screening process. Promotion for potential collaborative projects and Business and Investment Roundtables are being continued even beyond the project implementation cycle.
UNIDO-China food quality, safety and testing training facility in Dali:
The Dali Comprehensive Technical and Inspection Centre shares technical knowledge and first-hand experience with laboratory technicians from ASEAN countries through training programmes in testing milk products. In addition, it serves the domestic market, providing training on the testing and analysis of food, milk, dairy products as well as international laboratory accreditation to local laboratory technicians from China’s least developed western provinces.
The project (October 2011-June 2013) is conducive to the regional integration between China and ASEAN countries in the field of food safety and related technical cooperation. Besides, it helps promote fair trade of each country’s specialty food products by ensuring their quality and safety while crossing the borders.
UNIDO-VIMTA South-South Training Facility for Testing Laboratories
The project (April 2010-September 2011) established the UNIDO-VIMTA South-South Training Facility for Testing Laboratories (UVSSTF) in operational mode and designed course modules and calendar of trainings to train 89 scientists/technicians from 45 laboratories in 23 developing countries (12 in Africa and 11 in Asia)
The South-South Training Facility provides training to Chemists/ Scientists/ Analysts/ Laboratory Management Staff from food, agro and drug testing laboratories in developing countries, particularly LDCs, in order to facilitate know-how transfer and skill development in operating and managing testing laboratories, laboratory accreditation, analysis of contaminants, residues and adulteration in food, agro-products, drugs and pharmaceuticals, quality assurance, control measures and standards adherence. The objective is to improve the technical capabilities of the staff of testing laboratories in LDCs in the use of analytical instruments and techniques, and exposing them to the latest legal and technical requirements in food and agro-products.
Development of Safety and Quality Infrastructure for the Seafood Sector in Timor-Leste
This project (January 2011-December 2013) is being implemented in collaboration with the National Institute for Fisheries and Post-Harvest Technology & Training (NIFPHATT), Kochi, Kerala.
The main objectives of the project are to provide training for fishermen in improved harvesting methods; development and design of fish processing facilities; procurement of equipment and their installation; strengthen capacity of fishing cooperatives; development of a training ‘tool box’; preparation of a food safety training programme; and development of a map of the Seafood market chain, baseline assessment and develop strategies for up-scaling for fishing cooperatives.
The fifth annual Global South-South Development Expo (GSSD) 2012 was hosted by the UNIDO, in conjunction with more than 20 UN agencies and partners (Vienna, 19 to 23 November 2012) The five-day event showcased and promoted concrete innovative solutions in energy and climate change.
The following Solution Forums were led by UNIDO:
- Energy, Climate Change and Industrial Development, which focused on solutions that have identified and overcome potential barriers to the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency as well as resource efficiency and low carbon technologies. The use of these types of technologies and management approaches is central for green growth and the transition to a low-carbon economy. The showcased solutions included South-South partnership solutions and North-South-South (triangular) partnership solutions.
- Knowledge-sharing Networks and Network Governance, which discussed the UNIDO Networks for Prosperity (N4P) in facilitating international knowledge exchange and networking in the field of sustainable economic development and the respective policy-making processes. The mechanisms and of the UNIDO Industrial Knowledge Bank (IKB) was also discussed. The IKB is an innovative South-South mechanism initiated in 2010. It enhances the exchange of expertise and know-how between countries by leveraging the economic and distinctive intellectual resources of each of them. UNIDO plays the role of international knowledge assets repository and knowledge-wheel manager.
UNIDO coordinates its South-South programmes with the South-South Unit of the UNDP and reports them to the UN General Assembly Bureau of the High-Level Committee on South-South Cooperation regularly.
Networks, platforms and partnerships with South-South cooperation focus
Industrial Knowledge Bank (IKB)
The Industrial Knowledge Bank (IKB)/ Banco de Conocimiento Industrial (BCI) is an innovative mechanism of tripartite cooperation between the donor institutions, the institutions in developing countries and UNIDO to exchange knowledge and expertise in the area of industrial development. The mechanism operates through the provision of free hours of technical assistance and consultancy services by countries of the region in accordance with specific terms of reference agreed between the country requesting and the country offering the technical assistance and UNIDO.