Bilateral Profiles and National Agencies > Turkey

General information on Turkey’s development cooperation

Contributing to global peace and prosperity constitutes an essential element of Turkish foreign policy. 
Turkey has emerged as a dynamic actor in the international development cooperation architecture. Turkey’s official development assistance (ODA) aimed at fighting poverty and assisting sustainable and inclusive development in partner countries has consistently increased over the years, reaching US$1.3 billion in 2011.

Development cooperation activities of Turkey date back to the early years of the Republic when, in 1930s, Turkey cooperated with Afghanistan in the fields of medicine, law and political sciences. A comprehensive aid program in the modern sense was launched in early 1980s, on institutional capacity building in Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, Somalia and the Sudan. The changing international environment in the late 1980s resulted in the emergence of newly independent countries in Central Asia and Caucasus, which were in urgent need of support in order to deal with challenges of state building and economic transformation. This need required an urgent and well-organized response, thus Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) was established and Newly Independent States in Central Asia and Caucasus became focal point of Turkish development cooperation. This trend has been succeeded by a rapid transformation in the recent years, resulting in a much wider geographical coverage of development partnerships, including countries in the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

TIKA cooperates with more than 100 countries worldwide and currently has programme coordination offices in 32 countries.

Source: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-development-cooperation.en.mfa

As a member of the G-20, an acceding country to the European Union (EU) and an emerging economy, Turkey has taken major initiatives to support least developed countries (LDCs) in their efforts to eradicate poverty. Turkey has also put LDC-related topics high on the agenda of the international community.

Source: Trade Policy Review, Report by Turkey, World Trade Organization (WTO), Trade Policy Review Body, WT/TPR/S/259/Rev.1, 7 March 2012

Source: Trade Policy Review, Report by Turkey, World Trade Organization (WTO), Trade Policy Review Body, WT/TPR/S/259, 3 February 2012

Turkey’s ODA increased from US$967 million in 2010 to US$1.3 billion in 2011. The ODA/gross national income (GNI) ratio has also increased, from 0.13 in 2010 to 0.16 in 2011.

In 2011, Turkey provided development assistance to 119 countries that appear on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)/Development Assistance Committee (DAC) list of aid recipients. The regional distribution of Turkey’s bilateral ODA in 2011 shows that South and Central Asian countries are still the main partners, followed by countries in the Middle East and Africa. Pakistan, Syria and Afghanistan were the top three recipients of Turkish ODA in 2011.

From a sectoral point of view, 62.1% of Turkey’s ODA in 2011 was allocated to cooperation in the field of social infrastructure development. Within this sector, the majority of funds were utilized in the fields of education, administrative and civilian infrastructure and health.

As the host country of the Fourth UN Conference on LDCs held in Istanbul in 2011, Turkey announced a comprehensive Economic and Technical Cooperation Package for LDCs, pledging US$200 million annually for technical cooperation programmes, projects and scholarships. Turkey has also allocated US$5 million to monitoring the implementation of the Istanbul Programme of Action. Furthermore, Turkey has expressed its readiness to host a Mid-Term Review Conference of the Istanbul Programme of Action in 2015.

Turkey’s investments in LDCs amount to nearly US$2 billion at present, and the Turkish government aims to increase this to US$5 billion by 2015 and US$12 billion by 2020.

Source: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-development-cooperation.en.mfa

Aid for Trade (AfT) Strategy

The main components of Turkey’s AfT strategy are to share Turkey’s experiences and know-how in trade related issues to support partner countries in their efforts to exploit benefits of trade for sustainable and inclusive development objectives, by way of activities such as dispatching of advisors to partner countries for trade capacity development, organizing training programs for partner country trade officials and experts, supporting trade fairs, supporting partner country participation in international fora on trade and development, preparing projects for industry and trade zones, supporting regional and international conferences for trade promotion, donating equipment, promoting interaction among chambers of trade.

Principal official agency responsible for TCB assistance to developing countries

Contact:

Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA)

Dr. Sadık Ahmet Cad. No: 8 Balgat

Ankara, Turkey 06100

Tel: +90 312 292 10 00

Web: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/contact-us.en.mfa

Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA)

Established in 1992 and entrusted with the responsibility of implementing Turkey’s development cooperation policy, the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) is responsible for coordinating Turkey’s development cooperation with national actors, as well as with international organizations and bilateral donors. TIKA is also accredited to collect and report Turkey’s ODA statistics.

TIKA’s mission is to contribute to poverty eradication and sustainable development in partner countries. At the heart of this effort lies Turkey’s own development experience and expertise, which is shared with partner countries by tailoring them to fit their specific needs and development priorities.

TIKA has programme coordination offices in 32 countries, which play an important role in TIKA’s direct communication with local stakeholders, the implementation of cooperation activities and the collection of country-specific first-hand information.

The main operational activity of TIKA is technical cooperation in the development of institutional capacity and human resources in partner countries. This is accomplished by providing training and advisory services in the fields where Turkey has a comparative advantage in terms of know-how and experience. These services are complemented, where necessary, by donations of equipment and supplies for capacity-building. Another component of TIKA activities is the financing of infrastructure projects such as irrigation, sanitation and transportation projects, as well as the construction or renovation of schools, hospitals, architectural objects of cultural heritage etc. Humanitarian assistance is also extended in coordination with other Turkish institutions like the Turkish Red Crescent.

Source: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-development-cooperation.en.mfa

Other official or government organizations relevant for TCB

Contact:

Ministry of Economy

Inonu Bulvari No: 36 06510 Emek

Ankara, Turkey

Tel : +90 312 204 75 00

webinfo@economy.gov.tr

http://www.ekonomi.gov.tr/

Ministry of Economy

Key functions in relation to Turkey’s foreign trade policies now rest with the Ministry of Economy (formerly the Under-Secretariat of the Prime Ministry for Foreign Trade), in cooperation and coordination with other ministries and authorities. The Ministry of Economy regularly seeks inputs from the private sector and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the formulation and review of Turkey’s trade policies. A World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Development Agenda (DDA) Coordination Committee has been established for follow-up on DDA-related issues and to determine Turkey’s strategy in multilateral negotiations. Turkey attaches great importance to the successful conclusion of the DDA, and has taken major initiatives to support LDCs in their efforts to eradicate poverty.

The Ministry of Economy conducts periodic reviews and assessments of trade policies. In this context, the export and import regimes and legislation on standardization are reviewed annually and updated as necessary. The private sector and NGOs provide inputs to trade policy formulation by communicating their views to the Ministry of Economy either directly or through the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB), the Turkish Exporters Assembly (TIM), the Turkish Businessmen’s and Industrialists’ Association (TUSIAD), the Independent Businessmen’s and Industrialists’ Association (MUSIAD) and the Foreign Economic Relations Board (DEIK), as well as individual and local chambers of commerce and exporters’ associations. Consultation is sometimes held with universities and research institutes, such as the Economic Development Foundation (IKV) , the Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV) and the Foreign Trade Association of Turkey (TURKTRADE).

For more information: http://www.tcp.gov.tr/

Source: Trade Policy Review, Report by Turkey, World Trade Organization (WTO), Trade Policy Review Body, WT/TPR/S/259/Rev.1, 7 March 2012

Source: Trade Policy Review, Report by Turkey, World Trade Organization (WTO), Trade Policy Review Body, WT/TPR/S/259, 3 February 2012

Non-governmental organizations involved in TCB

Contact:

Economic Development Foundation (IKV)

Head Office

Esentepe Mah. Harman Sok

TOBB Plaza No: 10 K: 7-8 Şişli

Istanbul, Turkey

Tel: +90 212 270 93 00

Fax: +90 212 270 30 22

Web: http://www.ikv.org.tr/icerik_en.asp?konu=iletisim&baslik=Contact

Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV)

Söğütözü Cad. No: 43 TOBB-ETÜ Yerleşkesi 2

Kısım 06560 Söğütözü

Ankara, Turkey

Tel: +90 312 292 5500

Fax: +90 312 292 5555

E-mail: tepav@tepav.org.tr

Web: www.tepav.org.tr

Foreign Trade Association of Turkey (TURKTRADE)

Kavaklıdere Mahallesi

Akay Caddesi No: 5

Çankaya

Ankara, 06640, Turkey

Tel: +90 312 413 89 00

Fax: +90 312 413 89 01

Web: http://www.invest.gov.tr/en-US/ContactUs/Pages/ContactUs.aspx

Independent Businessmen’s and Industrialists’ Association (MUSIAD)

Sütlüce, İmrahor Cad. No: 28 34445, Beyoglu

Istanbul, Turkey

Tel: +90 212 222 04 06 (PBX)

Fax: +90 212 320 06 08

E-mail: foreignrelations@musiad.org.tr

Fair E-mail: fairs@musiad.org.tr

Web: www.musiad.org.tr

Turkish Businessmen’s and Industrialists’ Association (TUSIAD)

Ankara Representative Office

Iran Cad. No: 39, 4 Gaziosmanpasa

06700 Ankara, Turkey

Tel: +90 312 468 10 11

Fax: +90 312 428 86 76

E-mail: ankoffice@tusiad.org

Web: www.tusiad.org

Turkish Exporters Assembly (TIM)

Dis Ticaret Kompleksi Çobançesme Mevkii

Sanayi Cd. B Blok Kat: 9 Yenibosna-Istanbul, Turkey

Tel: +90 212 454 04 71

+90 212 454 04 90

Fax: +90 212 454 04 13

+90 212 454 04 83

E-mail: tim@tim.org.tr

Web: http://www.tim.org.tr/en/contact.html

Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB)

Dumlupınar Bulvarı No: 252 (Eskişehir Yolu 9. Km.) 06530

Ankara, Turkey

Tel: +90 312 218 20 00 (PBX)

Fax: +90 312 219 40 90/91/92/93

E-mail: info@tobb.org.tr

Web: http://www.tobb.org.tr/Sayfalar/Eng/Iletisim.aspx

TCB cooperation initiatives with UN/International agencies and bilateral partners

A top priority of Turkey has been to foster good working relations with various international organizations in order to accentuate the country’s growing role in global cooperation. In this context, Turkey has been providing voluntary contributions to multilateral organizations, such as the OECD, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). The total contribution made by Turkey to international organizations in 2011 amounted to US$46.8 million, the largest portion of which went to various UN agencies and funds.

Source: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-development-cooperation.en.mfa

Turkey hosted the UN Ministerial Conference on LDCs in 2007, and the Fourth UN Conference on LDCs was held in Istanbul in May 2011. As a donor to the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), Turkey notes that numerous development projects have been implemented successfully.

Source: Trade Policy Review, Report by Turkey, World Trade Organization (WTO), Trade Policy Review Body, WT/TPR/S/259/Rev.1, 7 March 2012

Source: Trade Policy Review, Report by Turkey, World Trade Organization (WTO), Trade Policy Review Body, WT/TPR/S/259, 3 February 2012

An active engagement of the private sector is critical for the much needed acceleration in the progress for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other internationally agreed development commitments. Through its core business activities, inclusive market practices and above all on-going corporate social responsibility activities, the private sector has proved its pivotal role in ensuring sustainable development and contributing to job creation, growth and expanded access to products and services.It is in this context, the Government of Turkey and the United Nations development Programme (UNDP) agreed to establish the Istanbul International Center for Private Sector in Development.

The UNDP Istanbul International Center for Private Sector in Development (IICPSD) builds on Turkey’s convening power and dynamic private sector as well as UNDP’s global mandate to engage the Private Sector constructively in supporting global and local efforts to address development challenges.

The Aid for Trade Initiative for Arab States, which aims to provide a platform for targeted trade reforms at regional and national levels as part of the overall effort to meet such challenges among Arab countries as youth unemployment, inclusive growth, better integration into regional and international markets, and inter alia enhance intra-OIC trade is one of the initiatives assisted by IICPSD.

Source: http://iicpsd.org/

Selected TCB programmes and initiatives in this guide

LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

  • Training programmes

TRADE FACILITATION

  • Trade facilitation in the ECO region