General information on Swiss development cooperation
Two institutions share the responsibility for defining and implementing the Swiss aid programme: the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) within the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) and the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) within the Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research (EAER). Together they manage around 80% of the development cooperation programme (with SDC managing 66.4%). The Swiss development strategy has three pillars: (i) reducing poverty; (ii) reducing security risks; and (iii) shaping a form of globalisation that promotes development.
Aid for Trade (AfT) Strategy
The Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs has adopted a policy paper on Aid for Trade in August 2010. This paper circumscribes Switzerland’s priorities in AfT (www.seco cooperation.admin.ch/themen/handel/index.html?)
SECO’s trade related cooperation aims at strengthening trade-related capacities at the policy-, institutional- and enterprise-level taking into account the three dimensions of sustainability. Through its interventions, SECO seeks to boost trade as a trigger for growth and sustainable development. Interventions focus on areas in which Switzerland has specific know-how and a comparative advantage. Trade-policy and regulations, building productive capacities and trade related infrastructure all three core elements of the AfT agenda, constitute the main areas of SECO’s AfT activities.
The aim of SECO’s programmes in the area of trade policy development is to enhance developing countries’ effective participation in multilateral and regional trade negotiations and the analysis and implementation of multilateral and regional trade agreements in order to strengthen their mainstreaming of trade policy and their human resources development in trade. SECO’s support focuses on the more advanced developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America that still face huge poverty and development problems as well as on selected countries in South-Eastern Europe and Central Asia. At the same time, SECO supports multilateral and regional initiatives in aid for the Least Developed Countries, notably the UN Interagency Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacities and the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF).
Switzerland’s foreign economic policy is based on the following three interrelated core elements:
- Foreign market access and an international set of regulations
- Swiss domestic market policy
- The contribution to economic development in partner countries
The implementation of the third element falls under the strategy for economic development cooperation adopted by the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO. Switzerland’s Economic Development Co-operation seeks to promote the integration of partner countries into the world economy by promoting stable economic conditions, strengthening competitiveness, supporting trade diversification, mobilising domestic and foreign investment, and improving basic infrastructure. Particular emphasis is placed on energy, environmental and climate issues. The State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) as the federal government’s competence centre for all core economic policy issues, such as trade and labour, is the agency responsible for Economic Development Cooperation. With trade policy formulation and trade-related development cooperation pooled within one agency, SECO is ideally positioned as a centre of competence for AfT. Continuous dialogue between trade policy practitioners and development cooperation practitioners is of crucial importance for the successful implementation of trade-related development cooperation programmes.
The main targeted result is the integration of partner countries into the global economy through:
- The promotion of trade that first socially responsible, environmentally friendly, inclusive and thereby sustainable;
- The strengthening of the export and competitive position of companies in the partner countries;
- The facilitation of imports into European marketsl; and
- The support to trade-related energy infrastructure.
For further information, see the policy paper on Aid for Trade (www.seco-cooperation.admin.ch/themen/handel/index.html?).
Principal official agency responsible for TCB assistance to developing countries
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO
Trade Promotion Unit (WEHU)
Tel: + 41 31 324 0799
Fax: +41 31 322 8630
index.html?lang=en and www.seco-cooperation.admin.ch
Economic Cooperation and Development Division at the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO): SECO is responsible for the planning and implementation of economic and trade policy measures with developing countries, the states of Eastern Europe and Central Asia and the new Member States of the European Union, and for the coordination of Switzerland’s relations with UN trade-related bodies. It shares responsibility for relations with the World Bank Group and regional development banks with SDC. In 2011, SECO invested CHF$268 million in cooperation with developing and transition countries (not including debt relief measures and enlargement contributions). SECO is the Federal Government’s centre of expertise for all core issues relating to economic policy, such as trade and labour issues. Its Economic Cooperation and Development Division is responsible for the planning and implementation of economic and trade policy measures. Its overall development objective is to assist partner countries’ integration into the global economy and to promote their sustainable economic growth, thus contributing to poverty reduction. Particular emphasis is placed on energy and environmental and climate issues. Its development cooperation priorities include promoting stable economic conditions, strengthening competitiveness, supporting trade diversification, mobilizing domestic and foreign investment, and improving basic urban infrastructure. Within the Economic Cooperation and Development Division, it is the Trade Promotion Sector that is responsible for the strategy and management of trade-related technical cooperation, leaving implementation to strategic partners (specialised multilateral institutions, the private sector, NGOs, specialized government agencies, etc.).
For more information: http://www.seco-cooperation.admin.ch
Other government and official agencies with responsibilities directly relevant to TCB
SDC − Head office
Tel: +41 31 322 3475
Fax: +41 31 324 1694
The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC): SDC is Switzerland’s international cooperation agency within the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA). In operating with other federal offices concerned, SDC is responsible for the overall coordination of development activities and cooperation with Eastern Europe, as well as for the humanitarian aid delivered by the Swiss Confederation. SDC carries out its activities with an annual budget of US$1.7 billion (2011) and a staff of some 600 people in Switzerland and abroad, as well as 1000 local employees. The Agency engages in direct operations, supports programmes of multilateral organizations, and helps to finance programmes run by Swiss and international relief organizations in four operational areas: (i) Regional Cooperation steers SDC’s bilateral cooperation with countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America; (ii) Global Cooperation is primarily active in the multilateral domain, cooperating with the organizations of the UN system and with the World Bank; (iii) Humanitarian Aid aims at saving lives and alleviating suffering – direct relief is provided in the wake of natural disasters and in the context of armed conflicts; and (iv) Swiss Cooperation with Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) supports democratic and market economy reforms in partner countries of Southeast Europe and the former Soviet Union.
For more information: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and
Other official or government trade-related organizations
Federal Institute of Metrology
METAS Lindenweg 50
T +41 31 32 33 111,
F +41 31 32 33 210
Federal Office of Metrology Switzerland (METAS): METAS, the Swiss national metrology institute, produces and disseminates internationally harmonized and recognised units of measurement with the necessary accuracy. It supervises the deployment of measuring instruments in the fields of commerce, traffic, public safety, health and environment, and the execution of legal provisions carried out by the cantons and by the authorised verification offices in Switzerland. The key tasks performed by METAS are legally established and are as follows: (i) it ensures that measurements required for trade and transportation, healthcare, public safety and the environment can be carried out with sufficient accuracy and according to internationally recognized criteria (preparing legislation, oversight of metrology); (ii) it develops the national measurement base (physical implementation, international comparison and mutual recognition of measurement units), operates the laboratories required for this purpose and conducts the necessary research and development; (iii) it provides the Swiss economy, administration and scientific community with internationally recognized reference measurements according to the current state-of-the-art and with the required degree of accuracy (propagation of measurement units); (iv) it appoints professional and competent centres to evaluate the conformance of measurement equipment as part of bilateral agreements with the European Community; and (vi) it operates its own conformance evaluation centre to verify and certify measurement equipment and the management systems of measurement equipment manufacturers.
For more information: http://www.metas.ch/metasweb
National Centre of Competence in Research North-South (NCCR North-South)
Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) Institute of Geography
Tel: +41 31 631 5272
Fax: +41 31 631 85 44
National Centre of Competence in Research North-South (NCCR North-South): The NCCR North-South is one of twenty National Centres of Competence in Research implemented by the Swiss National Science Foundation, and was launched as a twelve-year programme in 2001. It supports research on issues relating to sustainable development, particularly in developing and transition countries, but also in Switzerland. The most salient features of the programme are: (i) North-South partnerships for scientific research; (ii) the integration of disciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research; and (iii) the interactive exchange of development research and practice. The NCCR North-South is hosted by the University of Bern and funded jointly by the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the latter funding half of its budget yearly. Under the theme “Livelihoods & Globalisation”, the Centre focuses its research on the changing economic, social and political structures that determine the livelihood options available to the poor, whilst the “Transversal” research theme covers areas such as the coffee value chain, production systems in Africa and Asia, etc.
Telephone +41 62 865 72 72
Fax +41 62 865 72 73
Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL): FiBL Switzerland was founded in 1973 with the overall mission of contributing to the development and improvement of organic and sustainable agricultural practice worldwide. It is the world’s leading information and documentation centre for organic agriculture and employs over 120 experts. FiBL provides close links between different fields of research and the rapid transfer of knowledge from research to advisory work and agricultural practice. Outside Switzerland, the Institute is involved in numerous international projects – not only in research, consultancy and training but also in development cooperation. FiBL intervenes in two areas: (i) research and development to improve the understanding of organic farming systems and of farming’s environmental, economic and social impacts; and (ii) high quality extension services to make the latest organic farming methods easily accessible to farming communities, national and private extension services and other education centres throughout the world.
Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property(IIP)
Stauffacherstrasse 65/59g, CH-3003 Berne
Telephone +41 31 377 77 77
Fax +41 31 377 77 78
Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IIP): IIP is the federal agency for intellectual property in Switzerland. Its mandate charges it with the tasks of drafting legislation in the field of intellectual property, acting as advisor to the Federal Council and other federal administrators, and representing Switzerland at the international level. It also offers services in trademark research and patent information based on private law, and provides SMEs with awareness raising activities. Besides its core mandate in Switzerland, the IIP is also mandated to provide for international cooperation in the area of intellectual property, either independently or in collaboration with other national and international organizations. The overall objectives of its international cooperation projects are to: (i) assist partner countries undertake reforms in the field of intellectual property (e.g. investment climate promotion, opening up new sectors and markets with higher levels of innovation); (ii) contribute to the improvement of the worldwide protection of intellectual property (e.g. through the harmonization of international standards in this area); (iii) support Swiss activities in international forums, namely at the WIPO and the WTO; (iv) strengthen economic and political relations between Switzerland and its partner countries; and (v) promote the Institute’s expertise and its international network through the establishment of good relations with partner institutions in other countries.
For more information: E-mail: email@example.com and
Swiss Investment Fund for Emerging Markets (SIFEM)
Switzerland +41 31 310 09 30
Swiss Investment Fund for Emerging Markets (SIFEM): SIFEM is a specialized investment advisor providing long-term finance to private equity funds and financial institutions in emerging markets. It was established in June 2005 as a privately-held management company mandated to oversee SECO’s investment portfolio and to provide advice on new investment opportunities. Its primary focus is on institutions investing in the small and medium enterprise (SME) sector. On a selective basis, it also invests in microfinance. SIFEM is mandated to manage the investment portfolio of the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) and other private and public entities and is mandated by SECO to develop a comprehensive portfolio of equity participations in private equity funds targeting SMEs within a list of selected emerging markets and developing countries. Under the SECO mandate it focuses exclusively on developing and transition economies. SIFEM co-advises with responsAbility on Base of the Pyramid Investments S.C.A. SICAR.
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds SNF
Postfach 8232 CH-3001 Berne,
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF): SNSF is Switzerland’s leading provider of scientific research funding. It supports basic research in all disciplines, from philosophy and biology to the nano-sciences and medicine, and also invests in applied research in various scientific fields. It provides various funding programmes to encourage international collaboration, which strengthens the profile and competitiveness of Switzerland as a location for research. One of its aims is to intensify bilateral cooperation with selected countries, in particular in Asia. SNSF is also committed to strengthening scientific research in disadvantaged countries in Eastern Europe and in developing countries. To do so, it has launched collaboration programmes in these regions in cooperation with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
Swiss Office for Trade Promotion (SIPPO)
Phone / Fax: hide
Phone: +41 44 3655151
Fax: +41 44 3655202
Swiss Import Promotion Programme (SIPPO): SIPPO was launched in 1982 to support SMEs in selected developing countries to gain access to the Swiss and EU markets. It is financed by SECO and run by OSEC. SIPPO is active on four levels: trade and market information; trade promotion; trade development; and training. In market information, it establishes market surveys in various areas of products and core business sectors. The aim of providing this information is to familiarize SMEs in developing countries with European standards, quality requirements and import regulations, such as customs regulations and charges. At the other end of the supply chain, SIPPO provides information and advice to importers from Switzerland and the European Union who are interested in high-quality products from selected developing and transition countries, and it regularly organizes buying missions to these countries with Swiss companies.
Swiss Office for Trade Promotion (OSEC): OSEC’s mandate is to assist companies from Switzerland and Liechtenstein to develop and expand their activities abroad. It is the umbrella organization for the promotion of exports, imports and investments, as well as for the promotion of Switzerland as a business location, making it “the home of foreign trade promotion”. OSEC offers the following services: (i) export promotion – helping SMEs in Switzerland and Liechtenstein with market opportunities abroad; (ii) import promotion – promoting access to both Swiss and European markets for export-quality goods produced by SMEs in SECO priority countries; (iii) location promotion – implementing measures designed to promote Switzerland as a business location; and (iv) investment promotion – promoting investments in selected developing countries.
For more information: http://www.osec.ch/internet/osec/en/home/about_us/contactform.html
Non-governmental organizations involved in TCB
Geneva International Academic Network (GIAN)
Swiss Network for International Studies
Rue de Varembé 9-11
PO Box 185
1211 Genève 20
Tel: +41 22 733 26 92
Fax: +41 22 734 87 66
Geneva International Academic Network (GIAN): GIAN is an international research network, supported financially by the Swiss Federal Department of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Education of the Canton of Geneva. Its overall objective is to create partnerships between various organizations and groups, principally academic institutions and international organizations, to further the role of Geneva and Switzerland in the service of peace and justice. One of its primary objectives is to promote research and academic activities that combine the talents available within international organizations and the academic community in Geneva. GIAN carries out research in the areas of trade and globalisation, trade negotiations, trade policy, IPR, WTO negotiations, etc.
Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation
Weinbergstr.22a Postfach 8021 Zürich
E-mail: email@example.com and
Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation: Helvetas was founded in 1955 as the first private organization for development cooperation in Switzerland. It is a denominationally and politically independent association, supported by approximately 38,000 members, more than 40,000 sponsors and 15 regional volunteer groups. Helvetas’ geographical focus is on rural areas of the poorer countries of Africa and Asia (including Central Asia and the Caucasus and Latin America). The focus of its international programme is: (i) to further promote the exchange of knowledge and experiences between Switzerland and its partner countries and among the partner countries; and (ii) to strengthen local structures and sustainable development and promote human rights. Helvetas implements a number of international projects in areas such as product certification, organic niche products, Fair Trade labels, agricultural production systems and agro-processing.
International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
International Environment House 2
Chemin de Balexert 7-9
Phone: + 41 22 917 84 92
Fax: + 41 22 917 80 93
International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD): ICTSD aims to influence the international trade system so that it advances the goal of sustainable development. As an independent, non-profit, and non-governmental organization, ICTSD engages a broad range of actors in ongoing dialogue on trade and sustainable development policy. It established formal partnerships with 123 institutions in 37 different countries in 2009. With a global network of governmental, non-governmental, and inter-governmental partners, it plays a unique, systemic role as a provider of original, non-partisan reporting and facilitation services. It advances trade policy that supports sustainable development by structuring interaction between policy-makers and key influencers who are often excluded from policymaking processes. It also supports stakeholders in trade policy through information, networking, dialogue, well-targeted research, and capacity building. The Centre generates between 70 to 90 research papers and think pieces annually in collaboration with the top organizations and research institutes in the field. Since 1996, it has also been granted accreditation by the WTO to participate in all its Ministerial Conferences and other ad hoc activities. ICTSD is further accredited to the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since July 2005, it has been an accredited member of the Governing Council of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
For more information: ictsd.org/about/jobs/; http://ictsd.org/about/contact/
Rue de l’Arquebuse 10 CH - 1204
T +41 22 807 17 40
F +41 22 807 17 41
IDEAS Centre: IDEAS is an independent, non-profit organization dedicated to helping low-income countries integrate into the world trading system. The Centre offers practical, results-oriented advisory services and executes projects aimed at strengthening the capacities of developing/transition country governments to shape both their domestic economic policies and the international policies that affect them. The overall goal of the Centre’s projects is that low-income countries become empowered: (i) by using their WTO membership (or accession process) in a way that promotes their country’s sustainable human development; (ii) by deepening their understanding of development challenges and linkages with trade and WTO rules; and (iii) by participating more effectively in international trade forums and negotiations. Through its projects supporting developing country participation in the WTO and facilitating the integration of development-related concerns into industrial country positions, the Centre aims to contribute to international discussions on WTO institutional reforms and to encourage global cooperation for “win-win” solutions on the trade and development interface.
Swiss Alliance of Development Organizations (Alliance Sud)
PO Box 6735
Tel. +41 31 390 93 30
Fax + 41 31 390 93 31
Swiss Alliance of Development Organizations (Alliance Sud): Alliance Sud is the common platform for development policy for six leading Swiss development organizations: Swissaid, Catholic Lenten Fund, Bread for All, Helvetas, Caritas and Interchurch Aid. It strives to influence Switzerland’s policies to the benefit of LDCs and developing countries, its goals being sustainable development and a more just, peaceful and environment- friendly world that offers equal rights and opportunities to all. Alliance Sud engages in active lobbying vis-à-vis politicians, the administration and the economy, as well as intensive outreach work (press conferences, meetings, publications). In the area of development policy, it closely monitors the impact of Swiss policies on countries in the South. This covers bilateral foreign, economic and trade policy toward these countries, as well as Switzerland’s policy in international organizations (World Bank, IMF, WTO).
For more information: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and
Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation
Tel: +41 44 454 17 17
Fax: +41 44 454 17 97
Swisscontact: This is the organization of the Swiss private sector for development cooperation. Its aim is to promote private economic and social development in selected countries in the South and East through advisory services, training and continuing education, with the overall goal of promoting sustainable development (socially, ecologically and economically) in selected Southern and Eastern countries. It runs programmes in: (i) vocational training; (ii) the promotion of SMEs; (iii) access to finance for SMEs; and (iv) environmental protection. Swisscontact is funded by the private sector, the Swiss Government, multilateral organizations and private foundations.
For more information: E-mail: email@example.com and
World Trade Institute
University of Bern
3012 Bern, Switzerland
Phone: +41 (0)31 631 32 70
Fax: +41 (0) 31 631 3630
World Trade Institute (WTI) : The WTI is a centre of advanced studies and a forum for interdisciplinary research and teaching in international trade law, economics and international relations, fostering interaction between students and professionals and allowing researchers and practitioners to pool their expertise. As a centre of excellence of the University of Bern (Switzerland), the WTI provides teaching, training, consulting and research in the field of international trade regulation; its teaching programmes aim to significantly contribute to global capacity building in this field. Its flagship academic programme is the Master of International Law and Economics (MILE). SECO funds a number of WTI MILE programme scholarships for developing countries. In consultancy services, it has been at the cutting edge of providing tailor-made and project-specific advice and consulting services to a variety of clients, from emerging states to international donor agencies to WTO Members. As for its research network, it hosts the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) on International Trade Regulation.
TCB cooperation initiatives with UN/International agencies and bilateral partners
The forms of collaboration with the UN/ international agencies are mainly:
- Strategic Partnerships with the UN Interagency Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacities
- Strategic and thematic partnerships with UNCTAD, ILO, UNIDO, ITC
The financing mechanisms are mostly multi-bilateral programmes and projects.
Switzerland has TCB cooperation arrangements with the following international organizations: UNCTAD, ILO, UNIDO, ITC, World Bank Group, Regional Development Banks, EIF and WTO.
SECO has established several strategic partnerships with selected multilateral institutions and private operators to implement programmes and projects in several key areas of the business-enabling environment. These partners include the International Finance Corporation (IFC), through its regional advisory facilities; FIAS, the investment climate advisory service of the World Bank Group; and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
The mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation are:
- Ongoing monitoring throughout the project cycle management;
- Internal reviews;
- External evaluations; and
- Independent evaluations.
For more information regarding our evaluation function, please refer to:
Selected TCB programmes and initiatives in this guide
- Coherence debates and informal coordination within the European Agriculture, Trade and Development Network (ATDN)
TRADE POLICY DEVELOPMENT
- Sponsoring Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL), Geneva
- Sponsoring scholarships at the World Trade Institute (WTI) , Switzerland
- Creation of regional competence centres for trade policy in Peru, South Africa and Vietnam; World Trade Institute (WTI)
- Cotton Initiative: Strengthening capacities for the WTO negotiations on cotton for the C-4 (Benin, Burkina Faso. Mali, Chad), 2003-12
- •IDEAS Centre: Advocacy, technical assistance and capacity building for delegations
- UN Trade Cluster Programme, Lao PDR, 2010 – 2013; UNCTAD, UNIDO, ITC, ILO
- Policy Advice to Peru and Colombia through the IDB Strategic Thematic Fund on Aid for Trade, 2010 – 2012; IDB
- WTO Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF)
- Support for Laos’ accession to the WTO; 2007 – 2012; Ideas Centre;
- Tajikistan: WTO Accession.
LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
- Regional: Competition and Consumer Protection Policies for Latin America (COMPAL II) , 2009 – 2012; UNCTAD, Competition Commission Switzerland (COMCO)
- Support in IP and trade, in the regulatory sphere, and utiilization of new trade potentials (technology transfer, investment framework, geographical indications): Viet Nam (since 2001), Ghana, Laos, Azerbaijan, Indonesia;
- (Sustainable) Public Procurement in Ghana, Phase II; Public Procurement Authority of Ghana;
- Geographical indications; Lebanon; IGE.
- (Sustainable) Public Procurement in Ghana, Phase II; Public Procurement Authority of Ghana
- Trade Cooperation Program: Peru; ITC and others;
- Trade Promotion Central Asia, Phase III (Tadjiklistan, Kirgistan);
- Trade Promotion Programme Serbia, Phase III
COMPLIANCE SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
- Strengthening the national quality system and the export capacities of SMEs in Nicaragua;
- Strengthening standards and quality in Mozambique, Vietnam, Ghana, Lebanon; UNIDO;
- Providing post WTO accession support to Vietnam: TBT/SPS compliance capacity development related to key export sectors, 2008 – 2010; UNIDO.
- Involving trade partners from developing countries in definition processes for voluntary standards (Coffee 4C, Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) , Responsible Soy RTRS, Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels RSB);
- Fair Trade in Tourism, South Africa.
- Biotrade Facilitation Programme; UNCTAD;
- Biotrade Programme: Peru; GTZ.
- Value Chain development with Phytotrade Africa and the Union for Ethical Biotrade to develop and promote biotrade products and services
TRADE PROMOTION CAPACITY BUILDING
- Trade Cooperation Program: Peru; ITC;
- Trade Promotion and Export Development Program: Vietnam;
MARKET AND TRADE INFORMATION
- SIPPO advises and trains SMEs in marketing, export administration, quality control and product design
- Training for custom officers: Egypt, Tunisia; Swiss Customs Authorities.
PHYSICAL TRADE INFRASTRUCTURE
- Serbia: Rehabilitation of the National Control Center (key electricity dispatch center for the Western Balkan region, essential to enable Serbia to play its role in the energy trade);
- Albania: Dam Safety Programme (a continuation of the physical rehabilitation of the electricity production infrastructure; gives Albania the means to be a reliable and credible peak (hydro) power producer in the Western Balkan region);
- Central Asia – Water-energy Nexus Study. (This study will give the countries of the region a reliable basis for establishing a trade in energy and water, as well as ensuring their energy security throughout the year).
TRADE RELATED FINANCIAL SERVICES
- Eastern Europe: EBRD Trade Finance Facility, since 1999
- Global: IFC Global Trade Finance Advisory Services Facility, 2010 – 2012
- Global: Triodos Sustainable Trade Fund, 2009 – 2019
SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION
For project examples, please consult: