Bilateral Profiles and National Agencies > Norway

General Information on Norway’s development cooperation

The objective of Norway’s development policy is to fight poverty and bring about social justice. The Government has achieved its target of allocating 1 percent of gross national income (GNI) to international development. The Government will continue to focus its efforts on priority areas where Norway can make the greatest contribution: the environment and sustainable development, peace building, human rights and humanitarian assistance, oil and clean energy, women and gender equality, good governance and the fight against corruption, and the health-related Millennium Development Goals.

Aid for Trade (AfT) Strategy

The Norwegian Action Plan on Aid for Trade aims at ensuring that the developing countries, and especially the LDCs, achieve sustainable economic growth, higher employment, poverty reduction and an improved quality of life for the entire population (Aid for Trade − Norway’s Action Plan, 2007). An updated Action Plan will be presented in 2013.

Norway’s trade-related technical assistance is mainly channeled through multilateral organisations. Norway is one of the most important donors in provision of funds to all major organisations and programmes in this field.

Aid for trade (AfT) is an important priority area for the Government of Norway. The Government is committed to ensuring that its development policy enables poor countries in the South to participate in and benefit from the development of international trade. Norway’s Aid for Trade Action Plan aims at ensuring that developing countries, and especially the LDCs, achieve sustainable economic growth, higher employment, poverty reduction and an improved quality of life. The plan has a pro-poor focus, and gives priority to Africa and the LDCs. It focuses on three areas:

  • Good governance and the fight against corruption: Trade policy; trade facilitation; standards and trade; fair and responsible trade;
  • Regional trade: Strengthening the capacity of regional institutions; promoting intra-regional trade;
  • Women and trade: Introducing special programmes related to women and trade; integrating a gender perspective into AfT.

The Action Plan lays out the broad priority areas for Norway’s engagement with its partners. Specific priority areas are discussed with partner countries and institutions on a regular basis within the framework of the Plan. In addition to its main AfT focus areas, Norway provides other assistance that can be categorized as AfT, for example: (i) the improvement of infrastructure (roads, energy, and water sectors); (ii) measures aimed at private sector development (e.g., programmes for matchmaking between Norwegian and partner country private sectors) and the development of supply-side capacity; and (iii) the improvement of product quality and the development of control mechanisms (including compliance with SPS/TBT). Norway seeks to provide AfT in areas where its particular experience and competence could contribute effectively to achieving substantial results.

Norway’s overall AfT contribution, based on the 2009 DAC report, was approximately US$ 450 million in 2009. In 2011, Norway’s overall AfT contribution was approximately US$ 990 million. The overall figures for 2009 and 2011 include all three categories of Aid for Trade assistance i.e. trade-related technical assistance & capacity building, trade-related infrastructure and productive capacity. Norway is making a considerable contribution to all three AfT categories as laid down in the Aid for Trade Global Review: (i) trade policy and regulation and trade development; (ii) trade-related Infrastructure; and (iii) building productive capacity.

The figures for 2011 in the table below only include DAC-sector 331 and policy marker Trade development significant and main objective (Category 1).

Norwegian aid for trade* by recipient country in 2011

Country

US$ 1000

South Africa

25 998

Nepal

5 677

Tanzania

5 559

Bangladesh

4 736

Mozambique

4 282

Cambodia

4 273

India

4 258

Kosovo

4 206

South Sudan

4 160

Uganda

3 100

Ethiopia

2 956

Zambia

2 462

Angola

2 406

Zimbabwe

2 328

Mali

1 733

Albania

1 672

Afghanistan

1 621

Bosnia-Herzegovina

1 610

Sri Lanka

1 551

Tajikistan

1 263

Nicaragua

1 229

Ghana

1 184

Myanmar (Burma)

895

Kenya

787

Vietnam

774

Palestinian Admin. Areas

682

Montenegro

624

Thailand

568

Egypt

499

Malawi

424

Madagascar

322

China

305

Guatemala

267

Azerbaijan

232

Colombia

183

Bolivia

178

Sierra Leone

143

Ecuador

128

Nigeria

128

Swaziland

118

Philippines

99

Indonesia

65

Laos

62

Mongolia

56

Moldova

54

Iraq

50

Lesotho

50

Malaysia

28

Bhutan

21

Ukraine

5

Peru

4

Global Unspecified

24 388

South of Sahara Regional

6 041

Africa Regional

3 649

Middle East Regional

3 015

America Regional

1 992

South Asia Regional

1 071

Asia Regional

856

Far East Asia Regional

519

Europe Regional

83

Total

137 631

*Includes DAC-sector 331 and policy marker Trade development significant and main objective.

In line with the recommendations of the 2005 WTO Task Force on Aid for Trade, Norway gives priority to AfT through multilateral organisations. Norway’s reliance on multilateral organisations as its preferred channel for AfT is also a reflection of the Government’s commitment to the Paris Declaration (complementarity and division of labour).

Below is a breakdown of Norway’s financial contributions to selected multilateral organisations:

  • The Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF): Supporting LDCs in undertaking Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies (DTIS) and implementing the appropriate DTIS action plans. Norway’s contribution in 2011 was approximately US$ 5.2 million. UNIDO: Total contribution via Norad was US$ 6 million in 2011. Support for programmes relating to standardization and product control.
  • UNCTAD: US$ 0.8 million in 2011 for supporting technical assistance and capacity building in the areas of investment, competition, trade negotiations and trade facilitation.
  • WTO Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF): The DDAGTF provides capacity building in trade policy and WTO rules as well as training programmes for LDCs on WTO regulations. Norway’s funding in 2011 was approximately. US$ 1.7 million.
  • ITC: Contributed approximately US$ 2.6 million in 2011. Funding focusing on women and trade and south-south cooperation.
  • Advisory Centre for WTO Law (ACWL): Supporting the Centre, which provides free advice on WTO law to LDCs and other developing countries, for support for dispute settlement and legal advice and training in dispute settlement. Norway’s contribution in 2011 was approximately US$ 0.44 million
  • STDF: Norway’s contribution in 2011 was approximately US$ 0.26 million
  • World Customs Organization (WCO): US$ 2.8 million for 2012-2015 for supporting the WCO capacity building programmes for customs administrations in 6 member countries, mainly sub-Saharan Africa.

Principal official agency responsible for TCB assistance to developing countries

Contact:

Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad)

Postboks 8034 Dep.

NO-0030 Oslo

Postal address:

Pb 8034 Dep.

NO-0030 Oslo

Tel: +47 23980000

E-mail: postmottak@norad.no

Web: http://www.norad.no

Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) is a specialized directorate under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The majority of Norwegian development assistance is administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Norwegian embassies. In the case of aid funds that are not administered by Norad, the agency provides advice on what is required to achieve results, communicates results and contributes to debate on the effects of development assistance. Quality assurance is defined as one of Norad’s five main tasks, but is also an aspect common to all its main tasks. Norad assures the quality of Norwegian development assistance by means of technical advisory services, quality assurance and monitoring of development assistance administration, grant administration, communication, evaluation. Norad also administers financial support mechanisms dedicated to AfT projects. One of its objectives is to stimulate private sector development and trade in poor countries.

For more information:

E-mail: postmottak@norad.no and http://www.norad.no/en/About+Norad/125317.cms?show=all

Other government and official agencies with responsibilities directly relevant to TCB

Contact:

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Address

Postboks 8114 Dep.

NO-0032 Oslo

Tel: +47 23950000

Fax: +47 23950099

E-mail: post@mfa.no

Web: http://www.mfa.no

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA): The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) is responsible for Norway’s development cooperation. Its implementation of bilateral aid programmes and projects, including decision making, is decentralized to the Norwegian embassies. The MFA administers long-term government-to-government development cooperation, is responsible for the formulation of development policy, and adopts strategies for cooperation with individual countries. Norad (The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation) and Norfund (Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing Countries) also provide funding for specific AfT projects. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) has an important coordination and advisory role in relation to the other ministries. As a specialist ministry, it is both a preparatory and an executive body on foreign policy questions, economic foreign policy issues and development-related matters. Whilst the MFA is responsible for policy formulation and diplomatic engagement in the area of international and development cooperation, the implementation of the Government of Norway’s development cooperation programmes is overseen by a number of institutions and agencies.

http://www.mfa.no

For more information: http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/ud/about_mfa.html?id=838

Contact:

Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing Countries (Norfund)

Postboks 1280 Vika

NO-0111 Oslo

Tel: +47 2201 9393

Fax: +47 2201 9394

E-mail: post@norfund.no

Web: http://www.norfund.no/

Norfund is a Norwegian development finance institution (DFI), owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which invests in profitable private enterprises in Eastern and Southern Africa, South-East Asia and Central America to facilitate economic growth and poverty reduction. Priority is given to investments in renewable energy, financial institutions and agribusiness. It promotes the development of sustainable business and industry, and provides risk capital for private companies. With total assets of approximately US$ 1,3 billion, Norfund provides equity, quasi-equity and loan financing investments.

For more information: E-mail: post@norfund.no and http://www.norfund.no/

Other official or government trade-related organizations

Innovation Norway is the Norwegian Government’s most important instrument for innovation and development of Norwegian enterprises and industry. It supports companies in developing their competitive advantage and to enhance innovation.Norwegian enterprises have access to a broad business support system as well as financial means. Innovation Norway provides competence, advisory services, promotional services and network services. The marketing of Norway as a tourist destination is also considered one of the organizations important tasks. Innovation Norway is the Norwegian government’s official trade representative abroad. It aims to assist Norwegian businesses grow and find new markets. Local presence is therefore of crucial concern. Innovation Norway is represented in more than 30 countries worldwide and in all Norwegian counties. Innovation Norway is closely affiliated with the Norwegian embassies and consulates.

For more information: E-mail. post@innovasjonnorge.no www.innovasjonnorge.no

The Department of international Trade Cooperation (DITC) was established by an agreement between Norad and Virke (The Enterprise Federation of Norway). Their collaboration, based on Virke’s know-how and Norad’s increased focus on trade development, started in 2003. During the first years, Virke NHO (Confederation of Norwegian Enterprises) and Norad collaborated both in Least Developed Countries and in some medium-income countries. This collaboration yielded good results principally in the main partner countries of Vietnam and Uganda. Today DITC and Virke, with financial support from Norad, provide business training in developing countries, with programmes aimed at training top management to: develop their businesses, with CSR and good governance as cornerstones; add value to their products; and become preferred partners in the European market, thus increasing the value and volume of their exports and making the exporting businesses stronger, both financially and operationally.

For more information: www.virke.no

Nortrade is Norway’s official trade portal. It provides up-to-date information for over 8000 Norwegian companies that deal in export, import or other forms of international operations, and provides services to foreign companies looking to establish partnerships and joint ventures with Norwegian companies. It hosts a database of products and services covering 35 business sectors. Nortrade works closely with Innovation Norway, the Ministry of Trade and Industry, the Oslo Chamber of Commerce, NHO, the Norwegian Research Council and Eniro Norge, and a number of industry organizations.

For more information: E-mail: nortrade@nortrade.com and 
http://www.nortrade.com/index.php?cmd=about

Norwegian Accreditation (NA): NA is the only Norwegian body for accreditation of laboratories, certification bodies, inspection bodies, notified bodies and environmental verifiers. It is also the Norwegian monitoring unit for Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) inspections in all areas according to OECD’s principles, and is the Norwegian signatory to the European Accreditation (EA) multilateral agreements on accreditation (MLA). It is involved in several international development projects, together with UNIDO, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Norad; has current development projects in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Mauritius. For subject projects NA provides assistance to local accreditation bodies in establishing accreditation schemes.

For more information: E-mail: akkreditert@akkreditert.no and http://www. akkreditert.no

Norwegian Industrial Property Office (NIPO): NIPO’s primary role is to support Norwegian industry and promote economic growth. Raising awareness and increasing understanding of industrial property rights is an essential element in enabling companies to secure their investments and develop a competitive edge in the global market. NIPO is responsible for processing applications for patent protection, and for trademark and design registration. It offers courses, seminars and lectures on the importance of industrial property rights and carries out a variety of searches and investigations to provide its customers with more detailed information according to their needs. It provides customers with information on technological developments within a specific technical field, and prior assessments of ideas for patenting, trademarks and designs. Its customers include Norwegian and foreign companies, research institutions, inventors and innovators.

For more information: E-mail: mail@patentstyret.no and http://www.patentstyret.no/en/english/

Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI): NUPI, established by the Norwegian Parliament in 1959, is Norway’s leading centre for research and information on international political and economic issues, and on areas of central relevance to Norwegian foreign policy. It is organized as a state body under the Ministry of Education and Research, but operates as an independent, non-political entity in all its professional activities. NUPI undertakes long-term basic research as well as short-term applied research and advisory services, and collaborates with Norad in studies and project evaluations. Its work involves interdisciplinary collaboration, both within the institute and with other institutes and bodies in Norway and abroad.

For more information: E-mail: info@nupi.no and http://english.nupi.no/

Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD): NPD contributes to creating the greatest possible values for society from the country’s oil and gas activities through prudent resource management based on safety, emergency preparedness and safeguarding the external environment. It performs four functions: (i) advising the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy; (ii) generating and analysing data from the Norwegian continental shelf; (iii) managing resources; and (iv) setting frameworks, stipulating regulations and making decisions in areas where it has been delegated authority. It also contributes administrative competence, mapping of resources and petroleum data administration for the development aid programme “Oil for Development”, and providing expertise in petroleum activities and resource management to other nations.

For more information: postboks@npd.no and http://www.npd.no/en/About-us/

Standards Norway (SN): Standards Norway (SN) is a private and independent member organization, and one of three standardization bodies in Norway, with responsibility for standardization activities in all areas except the electro-technical and the telecommunications fields. It is the national member of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), holding a seat on the boards of each of these organizations. Its income is based on the sales of standards and related products, grants from the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry, membership subscriptions, and financial support for specific projects. SN is the WTO national enquiry point in Norway for technical barriers to trade.

For more information: E-mail: info@standard.no and http://www.standard.no/en/About-us/

Statistics Norway (SN) (Division of Development Cooperation (DDC): Statistics Norway is a professional autonomous institution administratively placed under the Ministry of Finance. It receives 75 per cent of its funding from the Government of Norway and the remainder from user-financed commissions. The DDC is responsible for Statistics Norway’s development cooperation and assists sister organizations in developing and transition countries, contributing to the development of their statistical systems as well as capacity building through statistical institutional cooperation. Since 1994, it has been responsible for the coordination of this activity in Statistics Norway. The development of statistical capacity involves both strengthening individual skills and developing the national statistical office as an institution, including its management capacity.

For more information: E-mail: ssb@ssb.no and http://www.ssb.no/en/int

Non-governmental organizations involved in TCB

Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO): The NHO is the main representative body for Norwegian employers, with the mission of working in the best interests of its member companies in a way that benefits society. It serves as a think tank for its members, and helps to bring forward issues and trends for discussion and research which are critical to Norwegian enterprises. One of the core issues on which it focuses its interventions is the challenge of globalisation and the implications of Norway’s reliance on its petroleum-based economy. NHO has a long history of engagement in the Norwegian development policy debate. The Secretariat for Private Sector Development (PSD) was established in 2002, with a specific mandate to focus on the role of business in alleviating poverty, and with the goal of supporting the development of a strong and sustainable private sector in developing countries. NHO also encourages Norwegian business to seek opportunities to invest and trade with business partners in developing countries. In its work, the secretariat draws upon a resource pool of experienced representatives from industry and its member companies.

For more information: E-mail: Tori.Tveit@nho.no and http://www.nho.no/privatesectordevelopment/

The Enterprise Federation of Norway (Virke): Virke is Norway’s leading organization for businesses and employers in the private services sector. It collaborates with Norad in the implementation of development assistance programmes in the area of trade promotion and trade capacity building activities for the private sector, intervening particularly in the area of fair trade and in assisting overseas companies access the Norwegian market. Since 2006, when it signed a five-year agreement securing a pledge of US$3.17 million from Norad to work on AfT-related programmes, it has scaled up its focus on trade with developing countries, with a geographical focus on Indonesia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Vietnam. Its mandate under this partnership with Norad is to increase imports from Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and emerging economies to Scandinavian markets. Its activities are centred on assisting commercial development in LDCs through business training and marketing. To date, under its flagship project Formission, Virke has demonstrated how developing countries can provide products and services which are of interest to the Scandinavian market. This five year agreement is now closed, but a new two year agreement with the same objectives and elements focusing on Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda is planned. The target group is women entrepreneurs and the programme is called Women Entrepreneurship Development Programme (WED).

For more information: www.virke.no

TCB cooperation initiatives with UN/international agencies and bilateral partners

In line with the recommendations of the 2005 WTO Task Force on Aid for Trade, Norway gives priority to AfT through multilateral organisations. Norway’s reliance on multilateral organisations as its preferred channel for AfT is also a reflection of the Government’s commitment to the Paris Declaration (complementarity and division of labour).

Below is a breakdown of Norway’s financial contributions to selected multilateral organisations:

  • The Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF): Supporting LDCs in undertaking Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies (DTIS) and implementing the appropriate DTIS action plans. Norway’s contribution in 2011 was approximately US$ 5.2 million. UNIDO: Total contribution via Norad was US$ 6 million in 2011. Support for programmes relating to standardization and product control.
  • UNCTAD: US$ 0.8 million in 2011 for supporting technical assistance and capacity building in the areas of investment, competition, trade negotiations and trade facilitation.
  • WTO Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF): The DDAGTF provides capacity building in trade policy and WTO rules as well as training programmes for LDCs on WTO regulations. Norway’s funding in 2011 was approximately. US$ 1.7 million.
  • ITC: Contributed approximately US$ 2.6 million in 2011. Funding focusing on women and trade and south-south cooperation.
  • Advisory Centre for WTO Law (ACWL): Supporting the Centre, which provides free advice on WTO law to LDCs and other developing countries, for support for dispute settlement and legal advice and training in dispute settlement. Norway’s contribution in 2011 was approximately US$ 0.44 million
  • STDF: Norway’s contribution in 2011 was approximately US$ 0.26 million
  • World Customs Organization (WCO): US$ 2.8 million for 2012-2015 for supporting the WCO capacity building programmes for customs administrations in 6 member countries, mainly sub-Saharan Africa.

Selected TCB programmes and initiatives in this guide

GLOBAL ADVOCACY

  • Women in Trade

TRADE POLICY DEVELOPMENT

  • Formative Process Research on Regional Integration in Southern Africa (FOPRISA)
  • WTO Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF)

LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

  • Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL)
  • UNCTAD Trust Fund for Accession

SUPPLY CAPACITY

  • Trade Capacity Building in Agro-industry Products EAC (UNIDO – US$ 5.14 million )
  • Support for Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
  • Norwegian Oil for Development (OfD) Initiative
  • The Clean Energy for Development Initiative
  • Regional programme for Africa - ITC-funded
  • Women Entrepreneurship Development Programme (WED) – Phase III East Africa-
  • Women’s Entrepreneurship Development and Gender Equality − Southern Africa
  • Better Work and Standards Programme Bangladesh –BEST - (UNIDO –co-financing with EU – Norwegian contribution US$ 1.9 million)

COMPLIANCE SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES

  • Guide to Private Standards (UNIDO - US$ 0.5 million)
  • Trade Compliance Report I and II (UNIDO – US$ 0.41 million)
  • Accreditation Infrastructure Bangladesh (UNIDO – US$ 1.5 million)
  • Trade Capacity Building in Agro-Industry Products EAC UNIDO- US$ 5.14 million)
  • Accreditation Infrasructure Bangladesh
  • AFRIMETS (Intra-Africa Metrology System) – (UNIDO – US$ 0.8 million)
  • Establishment of Vietnam’s Fisheries Law and Regulations, Phase II (bilateral)
  • Strengthening International Certification − Sri Lanka (UNIDO- US$ 1.5 million)
  • ISO 9001 – Asia- Impact Study (UNIDO – US$ 0.7 million)
  • DG SANCO (UNIDO – US$ 0.3 million)
  • Southern African Development Community Accreditation Service (SADCAS)
  • SAARC II Programme (UNIDO – US$ 3.1 million)
  • Mekong III (UNIDO – US$ 2.0 million)
  • Strengthening National Quality Infrastructure for Trade – Myanmar - (UNIDO – US$ 0.2 million)
  • Quality Policy and Infrastructure Development – Sierra Leone – (UNIDO- US$ 0.3 million)
  • Trade capacity building in Zambia (UNIDO – US$ 4.14 million)
  • Trade Capacity Building Malawi (UNIDO – US$ 2.8 million – approved in principle)
  • Market Access and Trade Capacity Building Swaziland (UNIDO – US$ 1.2 million)
  • Market Access and Trade Capacity Building Namibia (UNIDO – US$ 2.1 million
  • Better Work and Standards Programme Bangladesh

MARKET AND TRADE INFORMATION

  • Private Sector development support through the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO)
  • Statistics for development in Malawi

TRADE FACILITATION

  • Establishment of SEATAC
  • Customs Capacity Building for World Customs Organization Members (WCO’s Colombus Programme) 2012-2015

OTHER TRADE-RELATED CATEGORIES

  • Global Organic Market Access (GOMA)
  • Strategic Fair Trade Funding Programme (FLO) – Phase II