Bilateral Profiles and National Agencies > France

General information on French development cooperation

The geographic priorities and the sector strategic orientations of France’s public development assistance policy are defined by the CICID (Comité Interministériel de la Coopération Internationale et du Développement - or French Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development). A French Development Cooperation Strategy, summarized in the Framework Document entitled “Development Cooperation: A French Vision”, was designed and adopted in October 2010, after a large consultation with relevant stakeholders.

The implementation of development cooperation and ODA involves two ministerial partners:

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE),
  • Ministry of Economy, Finance and Trade,

The primary development operator is the AFD (Agence Française de Développement - or French Development Agency).

France’s determination to strive for fairer globalization, more respectful of individual rights, means that it must move from a development assistance policy, which implies an asymmetrical donor-beneficiary relationship, over to a policy of cooperation with developing countries. This cooperation will permit to take up four complementary challenges, identified by France as priorities, and which critically need to be managed with success. These four challenges are the following:

  • fight against poverty and reduce inequality;
  • contribute to shared and sustainable growth;
  • preserve global public goods;
  • promote stability and the rule of law as factors of development.

France considers moreover that financing global responses requires a global approach to financing development that of course includes Official Development Assistance (ODA) but also underlines the challenge of mobilizing much greater resources for development in the form of developing countries’ own resources, and private, local and international investment.

France’s cooperation policy integrates a universal perspective, and thus contributes to building global policies through its action in international fora (United Nations, World Bank; IMF, G8, G20...) and by its participation in a broad array of vertical funds that provide an overall response to sectoral issues. Yet, French cooperation is also based on an approach that differentiates among country partners. To reflect these country partner differences and its own capacities and priorities, France forged differentiated partnerships, which are in line with the objectives pursued and the resources mobilised. It concentrates its cooperation action on two priority regions:

  • Sub-Saharan Africa, where French cooperation support will mobilise all bi- and multilateral instruments, focusing grant funding on seventeen priority poor countries, mainly from the group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) ; and
  • The Mediterranean Basin countries. Since most of these countries are middle-income countries, French public financial support will come primarily in the form of loans (except for the Palestinian Territories), supplemented by cultural, scientific and technical exchanges. French cooperation in this region operates mainly within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and in close concert with ENP instruments.

Actions in these two priority regions are supplemented by interventions mainly in two categories of countries, fragile and crisis-affected countries (particularly in the Sahel, the Middle East and the Afghanistan) and emerging countries.

These four differentiated types of partnerships (Sub-Saharan Africa, Mediterranean Basin countries, crisis-affected countries, emerging countries) will serve as a reference for allocating France’s bilateral resources. They also determine France’s positions regarding the use of the European and multilateral instruments to which it contributes. For the 2011-2013 budget triennium, the allocations for each type of partnership are:

  • Sub-Saharan Africa: over 60% of which over 50% of grants to the 14 priority poor countries,
  • Mediterranean: 20%;
  • Crisis countries: 10% (crisis and post-crisis management, excluding preventive action);
  • Emerging countries: no more than 10%.

France’s cooperation action operates sectorally and thematically via specific, more detailed strategies, particularly in the following sectors:

  • Education and training;
  • Gender;
  • Water and sanitation;
  • Health;
  • AIDS control;
  • Agriculture and food security and nutrition;
  • Governance;
  • Development of infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa;
  • Protection of the environment and biodiversity;
  • Development of the private sector;
  • Tax resources in developing countries; and
  • Aid for trade.

Aid for Trade (AfT) Strategy

France adopted its strategic framework for Aid for Trade, validated by its Inter-ministerial Committee for International Co-operation and Development (CICID) on 5 June 2009. This strategy sets out two priority goals within the objective of promoting regional integration:

  • Supporting the development of regional trade policies related to the international markets;
  • Improving competitiveness in local, regional and international markets.

The financing structure of French AfT has not changed significantly over time. The French Development Agency (AFD) is the key player in delivering AfT, channelling it mainly through loans and bilaterally. Interventions are identified in each partner’s programming document, referred to as “Framework Partnership Documents”, which are prepared every three to four years. Priority is granted to supporting regional integration. France considers indeed that for developing countries, especially LDCs, one of the biggest challenges is to improve their integration into global trade, which means in most cases developing their local and regional markets. The French Government’s strategy on regional AfT strives however to ensure that regional interventions are based on partner countries’ respective national programmes, and considers it critical that a strong link and a good degree of complementarity exist between regional and national AfT activities. This approach is coordinated with the French Government’s interventions in sectors such as energy, transport and customs.

In 2010, France’s AfT reached €1.28bn, making it one of the biggest bilateral donors of AfT – a trend which is expected to continue in the near future. Geographically, French priorities are Sub-Saharan Africa and countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, and then all the poorest countries and regions that have strong trading connections with France.

A substantial share of French AfT is implemented by AFD through projects aimed at reinforcing regional integration in various sectors (agriculture; tourism, banking sector, port facilities, energy…) and through the French programme specifically dedicated to export development: the Trade Capacity Building Programme (PRCC − Programme de renforcement des capacités commerciales). The PRCC was launched in 2002 and renewed for a further three years in 2009 with funding of €30 million, it is a flagship programme of the French Government’s trade-related assistance interventions.

France also contributes to AfT through multilateral channels, most particularly the EU (through EDF contribution), World Bank (via the replenishment of IDA resources) and the African Development Bank (contribution to the African Development Fund).

France is committed to reinforce the coordination and the complementarities of interventions among donors. In this spirit, and in Least Developed Countries, France works in the framework of the Enhanced Integrated Framework (€1 million a year for the periods 2009 – 2011 and 2012-2014). France’s AfT projects also contribute to the implementation of action plans from the Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies (DTIS).

France also supports the Doha Development Fund which finances WTO technical assistance and training to facilitate the integration of developing countries into the multilateral trading system (€1 million a year for the periods 2009 – 2011 and 2012-2014).

It also participates to the financing of some of the IMF Regional Technical Assistance Training Centres, and focuses most notably on two African Regional Technical Assistance Centres (AFRITAC): one in West Africa (UEMOA+ Guinea, Mauritania and Ghana); one in Central Africa.

For more information: http://www.afd.fr/jahia/webdav/site/afd/users/administrateur/public/publications/AFD-Aide-au-commerce.pdf)

Principal official agency responsible for TCB assistance to developing countries

Agence Française de Développement (AFD)

French Agency for Development

5, rue Roland Barthes

F-75598 PARIS Cedex 12

Tel: + 33 15 344 3131

Fax: + 33 14 487 9939

E-mail: site@afd.fr

Web: http://www.afd.fr/jahia/Jahia/lang/en/home

French Agency for Development (AFD): AFD supports projects with economic or social impacts in both the public and private sectors: infrastructure and financial systems, urban and rural development, and education and health. It operates today in over 60 developing countries and in all France’s Overseas Departments through a wide range of financial instruments that underwrite its activities: grants, subsidies, guarantees, loans, equity shareholdings, co-financing and local bank intermediation and market condition loans. It also contributes, in collaboration with its supervisory authorities, to public policy design and to France’s influence in the development world. AFD commits, in all its activities, to promoting the Millennium Development Goals, including economic growth, poverty reduction and sustainable development.

For more information: http://www.afd.fr/jahia/Jahia/lang/en/home/Qui-Sommes-Nous

Other government and official agencies with responsibilities directly relevant to TCB

The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (Paris)

Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships

DGM/ECODEV/AEI

27, rue de la Convention

CS 91533

F-75732 Paris Cedex 15

Tel (33) (0)1 43 17 64 60

http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr

Contact Point: Melissa Dalleau (melissa.dalleau@diplomatie.gouv.fr)

The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MAE):

The missions of the MAE are to:

  • Summarize information on the changing global economy and put it into perspective, prepare decisions on the French government’s foreign policy;
  • Draft France’s foreign policy;
  • Coordinate France’s international relations
  • Protect French interests abroad and assist French nationals outside France.

The creation of the Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships (DGM) in April 2008 as part of the reform of the Ministry, enables diplomacy to anticipate, identify and respond to the challenges of globalization more effectively. The MAEE is notably in charge of defining and implementing development aid strategy, of which Aid for Trade is one component. Through the DGM, it aims to help foster a better regulated and more supportive global economy and to adapt the priorities of French development co-operation to the new international context. In addition to its leadership role in defining Aid for Trade, the MAE directly participates with financial support (FSP, operational credits) and by providing technical assistance to public administrations in the developing countries and to international organisations. The MAE is the main supervisory authority of the AFD.

For more information: http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/

The Ministry of Economy and Finance (Paris)

Ministry of Foreign Trade

Address: 139, rue de Bercy

F-75572 Paris Cedex 12

http://www.economie.gouv.fr/

http://www.commerce-exterieur.gouv.fr/

Contact Point: Emmanuel Viaud (Emmanuel.viaud@dgtresor.gouv.fr)

The Ministry of Economy and Finance and the Ministry of Foreign Trade is responsible for multilateral finance issues (debt, monetary cooperation) and are one of the supervisory authorities of the AFD. They are responsible for Development Banks and certain thematic funds, and manage around 10% of French bilateral ODA. Its Directorate-General of the Treasury is the key department responsible for development cooperation, and for multilateral and bilateral economic, financial and international issues. It covers the economic, monetary and development cooperation dimensions with partner states as well as trade and development issues. Its mandate goes well beyond the scope of ODA; it links the financial and fiscal approach with ODA.

For more information: http://www.tresor.economie.gouv.fr

Other official or government trade-related organizations

This list contains some of the main official and government trade related organizations. It is a non-exhaustive list.

PROPARCO:

Investment and Promotions Company for Economic Cooperation

151, rue Saint Honoré

75001 Paris, France

Tel : + 33 1 53 44 31 08

Fax : + 33 1 53 44 38 38

Web: proparco@proparco.fr

PROPARCO: PROPARCO, the Investment and Promotions Company for Economic Cooperation, was created in 1977 and is a development financial institution, partly held by Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and private shareholders from both the North and the South. PROPARCO’s mission is to be a catalyst for private investment in developing countries which targets growth, sustainable development and reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It finances operations which are economically viable, socially equitable, environmentally sustainable and financially profitable. Its sectoral strategy is tailored to the level of a country’s development and focuses on the productive sector, financial systems, infrastructure and equity investment. PROPARCO invests in a geographical area ranging from major emerging countries to the poorest countries, in particular in Africa, and has high-level requirements in terms of social and environmental responsibility. It has a wide range of financial instruments to meet the specific needs of private investors in developing countries (loans, equity, guarantees and financial engineering). In 2010 PROPARCO invested €944M.

For more information: http://www.proparco.fr/jahia/Jahia/lang/en/Accueil_PROPARCO/PROPARCO

AFNOR

Organization of the French Standardization System

11, rue Francis de Pressensé 93571

La Plaine Saint-Denis Cedex.

France

Tel. : +33 1 41 62 80 00

AFNOR: AFNOR, the French market leader in quality management and standardization training, is an international service delivery network that revolves around the four core competency areas of standardization, certification, publication, and training. In order to build and deploy its technical support and development services abroad, AFNOR mobilizes the competencies of the leading French agencies specialized in a broad range of areas from standardization, certification and quality management to testing, metrology, marketplace intelligence and consumer protection. With public authority backing and support from French industry leaders, AFNOR draws upon multicultural teams with highly specialized skill-sets to design and implement programmes geared specifically to partner countries’ individual national environments and industrial sectors. AFNOR works in developing countries and emerging markets, providing support to government administrations, standardization offices, and any organization involved in quality, standardization and normalization activities. It also works with developing country authorities to facilitate their membership of the WTO. Located in more than 30 countries, the AFNOR Group commercializes its assessment and certification services in over 90 countries. Its representations offer local enterprises the advantage of being aided in a first rate homogeneous performance approach to European or international services. In Asia, the “Asia” hub was created in Taiwan in July 2008 and a partnership agreement was signed with India in 2008.

For more information: http://www.afnor.org/groupe/a-propos-d-afnor/cooperation-et-projets-internationaux

DGTRESOR 

Trésor Direction Générale

Project Assistance Division

139 rue Bercy

75572 Paris Cedex

France

Tel. : +33 1 44 87 19 43

DGTRESOR\Project Assistance Division: RPE (Emerging Countries Reserve) and FASEP (Private Sector Research and Assistance Fund) are two instruments managed by the Project Assistance Division of the Directorate General of the Treasury and accounted for as part of France’s official development assistance. In this respect, they are in-line with the directions chosen for French assistance, with particular stress being placed on sustainable development. These instruments also comply with the provisions of the OECD Arrangement on officially supported export credits. The purpose of the RPE is to provide support to approximately twenty emerging countries, through soft loans, in order to implement their development projects. France’s financial assistance is granted on the basis of a detailed analysis of each project (including a priori assessment by an independent expert). Since 2000, the RPE has supported 70 projects representing a total of EUR 3.2 billion. Providing grants, the FASEP is involved in a larger geographical area (approximately sixty developing or transitional countries are eligible for assistance), helping local project owners to conduct studies in order to prepare their infrastructure projects or investment policies. Since 2000, EUR 260 million in grants have supported 400 services provided by more than 150 French companies in 55 countries. The FASEP has different forms: FASEP-Etudes essentially funds feasibility studies or technical support; FASEP-Innovation verte funds demonstrators of innovative technologies devoted to the environment and sustainable development; FASEP-Formation professionnelle co-funds the preparation of vocational training initiatives in the partner countries; FASEP-RSE assists project owners with drafting their specifications as regards social and environmental responsibility (SER) or with assessing the SER features of the tenders which they receive. Applications for RPE and FASEP funding are processed by the Directorate General of the Treasury and then examined by an inter-ministerial committee. Every six weeks, the committee, chaired by the head of Export Finance and Trade Promotion Division of the Directorate General of the Treasury, meets with all the relevant authorities attending. It decides on applications for funding under the FASEP and provides an opinion to the Minister for the Economy and Finance, who is the decision-maker, on applications for funding under the RPE.

For more information: http://www.tresor.economie.gouv.fr/fasep.

ECOCERT is a control and certification organization whose activities are governed by the public authorities and legislation. It works to promote organic products through its control and certification activities in over 80 countries and employs 350 people worldwide. It has subsidiaries (Brazil, Canada, Catalonia, Colombia, Germany, Japan, Portugal, Romania, South Africa, Spain) and regional offices (Burkina Faso, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, India, Madagascar, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey).

For more information: E-mail: consommateurs.france@ecocert.com

France’s National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE): INSEE is a Directorate General of the Ministry of the Economy, Finance, and Employment and is therefore a government agency whose personnel are government employees, although not all belong to the civil service. INSEE operates under government accounting rules and receives its funding from the state’s general budget.

For more information: http://www.insee.fr/en/insee-statistique-publique/default.asp

International Technical Assistance Agency (ADETEF): ADETEF is a public interest group (GIP) set up by the French government, the French Development Agency (AFD), the Caisse des dépôts et consignations, the Institut Télécom and the Mines ParisTech group. ADETEF works with public sector experts in the economic and financial sectors, and offers consultancy, audits and services in the form of seminars, study trips, conferences and high-level meetings. ADETEF and the economy and budget ministries have renowned expertise in the field, with a decade of experience in managing over 100 institutional twinning projects in the European Union and increasingly active participation in international donors’ bid-based projects (74 contracts currently under management). ADETEF works on public policies in the field of public finance (budget, taxation, public accounting and customs), economic and financial regulation, economic development (industry, SME-SMIs, business development, innovation and standardisation, quality, tourism, digital economy, and public-private partnerships), energy and sustainable development, statistics, public procurement and communication, and human resources development.

ADETEF and the economy and finance ministry experts work in the developing, emerging and transition countries at the request of partner administrations and international organisations: European Union, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, etc. The agency is highly active in Eastern Europe (Central Europe, the Balkans, Russia and Ukraine) and around the Mediterranean Rim (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestinian territories and Syria). We also provide administrative assistance services in Asia (China, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia), Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa. ADETEF is headquartered in Paris with representative offices in Hanoi (Vietnam), Kiev (Ukraine) and Budapest (Hungary) to work as close to the field.For more information: http://www.adetef.fr

France Expertise Internationale (FEI) FEI was founded on 1 April 2011 as a public agency under the supervision of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. Through its work on major projects, including some in areas in crisis, FEI has acquired sound know-how in project engineering and management. Its actions are part of development assistance programmes, such as the Millennium Development Goals, and the fight against poverty. They are also aimed at coping with emergencies and promoting the production of public goods in the world. FEI takes a long-term view aimed at creating the right conditions for sustainable development and the creation of public goods by having the beneficiaries take ownership of the shared know-how. Among all the sectors, in which it works, FEI notably provides support for national and regional agricultural policies,capacity-building for institutions for the prevention of food emergencies, and strives to increase efforts with regards to the improvement of farming systems and the establishment of collective facility management systems.

For more information: http://www.fei.gouv.fr/

National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA): INRA carries out mission-oriented research for high qualityand healthy foods and competitive and sustainable agriculture. It is a mission-oriented research institute that addresses core development issues, from the local to the international. It maintains scientific partnerships with major scientific research institutes worldwide, universities, and agronomy and veterinary schools, and is committed to helping build the European Research Area.

For more information: http://www.international.inra.fr/

National Institute for Product Origins and Quality (INAO): INAO is a public-sector organization operating under the aegis of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. It is responsible for the management of signs for the identification of product quality and origin in France.

For more information: http://www.inao.gouv.fr/public/home.php?pageFromIndex=textesPages/Nos_missions378.php~mnu=378

Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD): CIRAD is a French agricultural research organization that works for development in the South and the French overseas regions. It is a public industrial and commercial enterprise (EPIC) under the joint authority of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research and the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, working with developing countries to generate and pass on new knowledge, support agricultural development and fuel the debate on the main global issues in agriculture. For more than half a century, CIRAD has been working for international scientific cooperation, a commitment that is reflected in its bilateral and multilateral agreements with more than 90 countries. While sub-Saharan Africa is the continent with which it has the most and the oldest links, over the past twenty years the number of scientific agreements and joint research programmes with other parts of the world has grown substantially. From its regional offices, CIRAD conducts joint operations with more than 90 countries, and has scientific platforms with a regional vocation in the French overseas regions. In metropolitan France, it provides the national and global scientific communities with extensive research and training facilities.

For more information: http://www.cirad.fr/en/who-are-we

Non-governmental organizations involved in TCB

Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques (IRIS): IRIS is a French research centre for international and strategic studies. Its team of experts, its networks and the quality of the analyses it conducts make the IRIS a privileged corporate partner for international development and a credible interlocutor for Institutions. Established in 1991, IRIS’s mission is to conduct research and analysis, develop expertise, provide up-to-date information, promote debates and improve policy and decision-making. Its activities encompass four main sectors: (i) providing strategic insights to government officials, international institutions, business executives, journalists, students and the civil society; (ii) organizing events; (iii) organizing lectures and seminars; and (iv) publishing articles, briefings, reports and books on international issues. IRIS has built up a strong team of approximately forty across-the-board researchers, over half of whom are experts in their fields. The centre sustains exchanges with various international research centres, thereby strengthening its network of experts across the world and broadening its range of activities. IRIS is a fully independent organization, pursuant to the French “Loi 1901” legislation on association. It is financed by public contracts (research studies, consulting briefings) and private contracts (sponsoring, consulting).

For more information: http://www.iris-france.org/en/iris/presentation.php

Institut des régions chaudes (IRC): IRC (formerly named CNEARC), located in Montpellier since 1981, belongs to Montpellier SupAgro, a public postgraduate institute, and is also a member of Agropolis, the international agronomy research and higher education platform. Its central missions are to train agronomists to be able to promote and accompany development dynamics in Southern countries. The Institute offers courses focused mainly on training professionals in the capacity to accompany development dynamics in Southern countries and, more generally, regions in crisis. Particular attention is paid to family-based farming and poverty alleviation. The IRC is run by a teaching and administrative team with extensive development experience.

For more information: http://www.supagro.fr/web/irc/

International Study Centre for Local Development (CIEDEL): CIEDEL is attached to the Faculty of Social and Economic Science and Law of the Catholic University of Lyon (France). It and its predecessors in Lyon have been active in the field of development for the last 25 years. It offers modular courses on a variety of subjects. Parallel to the courses, the staff regularly carries out consultancy assignments for international bodies (UN, CE), NGOs and public development agencies on all levels, including municipalities, regions/provinces and national ministries in various domains, through evaluations, policy-advice, and accompaniment and change management by members of the pluridisciplinary team. Some examples of support provided by CIEDEL are: (i) elaboration of local development plans and evaluation of projects, programmes, or policies in a participatory manner; (ii) training in lobbying and advocacy; (iii) setting-up local investment funds; (iv) organizing decentralisation systems; and (v) organizational capacity building. CIEDEL has organized training courses in France (both at its Centre and elsewhere) and in the South. Since 1995, CIEDEL and seven local training institutes from the South have been working together on a common training programme for development workers in both the South and the North (Madagascar, Mali, Burundi, DR Congo, Cameroon, Burkina Faso and Peru).

For more information: E-mail: ciedel@univ-catholyon.fr and http://www.ciedel.org

Geocoton: Geocoton is the new name for Southern Agricultural and Industrial Development (Dagris – formerly the French Textile Development Company CFDT) since the privatization of Dagris in March 2008. This company was created in 1949 to help both overseas development and the access to raw materials needed by France, and was mostly publicly financed before its privatization. After colonial independence, the CFDT became a cooperative enterprise led by the French Government to assist national cotton industries. Geocoton has 20 subsidiaries (in France, Europe, Africa and Central Asia).

TCB cooperation initiatives with UN/international agencies and bilateral partners

France is involved in various cooperation initiatives with UN/International agencies that can take different forms, and can involve financial as well as non-financial types of collaboration. Cooperation initiatives involve most notably joint programing/co-financing initiatives, in line with aid effectiveness principles. Those initiatives and projects are listed under the appropriate thematic section below.

Besides, technical assistance, notably through the provision of experts/technical assistants that are made available in UN/International agencies, is for instance one important form of collaboration with UN/International Agencies.

Voluntary contributions is another such form of collaboration. In terms of international agencies with whom France is working with, one could cite:

UNCTAD: From 2000 to 2012 France has contributed US$12.7M (on the basis of voluntary contributions) to the UNCTAD Trust Fund. These funds have been used to finance new as well as already existing projects. Over the past 7 years, France financed 27 UNCTAD projects, among which 8 were still operational in 2012. For voluntary contributions, co-financing (with the European Commission and/or EU Member states) is the preferred financing modality for France. Forty percent of the projects implemented concern LDC capacity building projects. The MAE has provided UNCTAD with a technical assistant, at the office of the director for LDCs and special programs.

The WTO: Since 2005, France has contributed more than US$4 million to the DDAGTF, giving US$2.29 million in 2009, and more than CH600 000/year since 2010 to finance trade-related technical assistance to developing countries so that they are able to participate more effectively in the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations.

UNIDO: France is the third largestcontributor of UNIDO. One of the three priorities of UNIDO’s mandate is the commercial capacities reinforcement. The French contribution to this organization was 6 860 000 euros in 2012.

Morover, France has financed until now an annual grant of 600 000 euros for the UNIDO French Investment and Technology Promotion Office.

ITC: The MAE will make available to the ITC one junior professional officer to work in the ITC on Trade Facilitation Issues.

More details on cooperation with UN/international agencies can be found under the following trade-related categories below:

Physical Trade Infrastructure

  • Agence pour la sécurité de la navigation aérienne en Afrique et à Madagascar (ASECNA) 
  • Second Rural Access and Mobility Project (RAMP) in Nigeria

Trade-related Financial Services

  • The Mediterranean SME Guarantee Facility

France is currently not working extensively in collaboration with emerging players on trade capacity building projects/programmes directed towards Southern partners. France however works in many projects with regional development banks (often through co-financing), notably in Africa. Most notably (although non-exhaustively), France has developed initiatives with the West African Development Bank (BOAD), the African Development Bank (AfDB) and with the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA). Other examples could also be cited (eg. EADB).

Cooperation with DBSA on infrastructure development in Africa

Cooperation with DBSA takes place in the context of a partnership between the AFD and the DBSA, formalized by a framework cooperation agreement (2012-2015) covering all dimensions of the relationship (financing, co-financing, research and knowledge production, capacity building), signed by both organisations’ directors generals in December 2011.

In the context of the NEPAD, a common fund for studies and project preparation was created in 2003. Its secretariat is located at the DBSA. It is funded equally by both DBSA and AFD, for an amount of EUR11.4 M. This fund aims at identifying and helping with the preparation of regional infrastructure projects (mostly in the energy, transport, ITC, water supply sectors, etc.) in sub-Saharan Africa.

To date, nearly €6.5 M have been disbursed on this fund, which allowed implementing projects (€300M financed by the AFD and €100M financed by the DBSA). A significant part of these projects were co-financed by both institutions, for a total amount of 153 M euros. Among the projects financed by the AFD and/or the DBSA, we can mention those concerning electricity interconnection between Ghana and Burkina Faso, and between Namibia and Zambia, or the development of natural gas exploitations in Mozambique, or the Itezhi Tezhi hydroelectric power plant and the transmission lines in Zambia.

Several joint projects are in the process of being identified or instructed (electric interconnection project “Zizabona” between Zimbabwe, Zambia and Namibia and Botswana, renovation and extension of the Dar es Salaam port).

Furthermore, PROPARCO, the AFD’s branch dedicated to the private sector, and the DBSA realized joints investments (amounting for more than €135 M) in the private sector in Africa.

Cooperation BOAD-AFD (Trade related financial services)

France through the AFD co-financed with the West African Development Bank (BOAD) a project aimed at encouraging further resource mobilisation to enhance economic development in the UEMOA region.

To this end, this project aimed at developing UEMOA financial market, through:

  1. the promotion of resource mobilisation
  2. he diversification of financial instruments
  3. the strengthening of regulatory frameworks and market institutions

This project that was financed for 5 000 000 EUR by the AFD, 4 200 000 EUR by the BOAD and 2 100 000 EUR by CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency), aimed at removing the main barriers to financial market development.

Cooperation AfDB-AFD

In the area of physical trade infrastructure, France has also co-financed with the African Development Bank an infrastructure project in the Southern African region. With the African development Bank, coordination is made through the holding of meetings.

Selected TCB programmes and initiatives in this guide

GLOBAL ADVOCACY

  • Promoting Fair Trade.

TRADE POLICY DEVELOPMENT

  • Technical Assistance
  • NGO. IDEAS Centre
  • WTO Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF)
  • Technical Assistance/UNCTAD

LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

  • African Legal Support Facility
  • Supporting the Implementation of Agricultural Policies – Senegal

SUPPLY CAPACITY

  • Endorsement of Potato Exports – Guinea
  • Support for the Economic Development of cotton zones – Mali
  • Supporting Producer Organisations – Burkina Faso
  • Strengthen commercial ability of National Tea Company in Burundi (OTB)
  • Strengthen commercial capacities of Mugama Union- Kenya
  • Fond Français pour l’Environnement Mondial
  • Société du Pôle de Compétitivité de Sousse (SPCS) – Tunisia
  • Phytotrade – Africa
  • Fair Tourism in Madagascar
  • Development of Palestinian privately-owned companies

COMPLIANCE SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES

  • African Legal Support Facility
  • New Monitoring Laboratory for the shrimp industry- Madagascar
  • “Réseau Normalisation et Francophonie”
  • Provision of Experts

TRADE PROMOTION CAPACITY BUILDING

  • Trade Capacity Building Programme (PRCC - Programme de Renforcement des Capacités Commerciales) – Global
  • Resource Centre for International Trade in Madagascar

MARKET AND TRADE INFORMATION

  • AFRISTAT

PHYSICAL TRADE INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Agence Nationale des Ports (ANP) in Morocco
  • Road Development Authority in Sri Lanka
  • Agence pour la sécurité de la navigation aérienne en Afrique et à Madagascar (ASECNA) 
  • Second Rural Access and Mobility Project (RAMP) in Nigeria

TRADE-RELATED FINANCIAL SERVICES

  • Risk-sharing tool Facilitation Access to Bank Credit – ARIZ
  • The Mediterranean SME Guarantee Facility