General Information on Danish development cooperation
Trade, foreign policy and development co-operation fall under the remit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), with the Minister for Development Co-operation being responsible for all matters relating to Danish development cooperation. Danish aid management is decentralised to Danish embassies in Danish partner countries and missions to multilateral organizations. These decentralized units have had wide responsibility for designing and delivering the aid programmes since bilateral co-operation was decentralised in 2003 and multilateral co-operation in 2005. The Danish government focuses its development assistance programme on a number of partner countries and on poverty reduction through promoting freedom and economic growth. It has five strategic priority areas: (i) promotion of freedom, democracy, and human rights; (ii) support for market-driven economic growth and employment; (iii) promotion of gender equality; (iv) increased engagement in fragile states; and (v) the environment and climate change.
Aid for Trade (AfT) Strategy
Denmark’s AfT Strategy was laid out in the 2005 Danish strategy paper “Trade Growth and Development”, which focuses on sub-Saharan Africa and on initiatives in the agricultural sector. Creating a better business environment, promoting gender equality, and ensuring sustainability are the key areas of the Danish AfT Strategy. Denmark is currently developing a new strategy for growth and employment, which will incorporate the key principles of its AfT Strategy.
Denmark’s AfT commitments and disbursements to international organizations (multilateral assistance) for the three years 2009 to 2011 were approximately US$23 million. Multilateral assistance is managed by the Danish UN Mission in Geneva. The bulk of the Danish multilateral AfT is channelled through the Enhanced Integrated Framework and the International Trade Centre. In addition, Denmark also provides financial contributions to the WTO’s Global Trust Fund and the Advisory Centre for WTO Law (ACWL). At the bilateral level, Africa is the largest recipient of Danish development assistance and its AfT is directly incorporated in its overall assistance strategy to sub-Saharan Africa. In terms of its global AfT commitment, Denmark has fulfilled its share (approximately 2%) of the EU pledge made during the WTO Ministerial in Hong Kong to provide €2 billion per year in trade-related assistance (TRA) by 2010. Denmark is expected to continue to meet its obligations in the years to come. Multilateral assistance will continue at the present level, whilst bilateral AfT assistance, especially to Africa, is expected to grow as a consequence of the expansion of its bilateral assistance to Africa.
At regional level, Danish AfT focuses on training for trade negotiations and on WTO rules. The promotion of South-South trade through the Economic Partnership Agreements, which include trade-related technical assistance from the EU to ACP countries, is also an important area. Denmark actively participates in trilateral cooperation within its AfT activities, especially within the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), for trade-related assistance to the LDCs. All activities supported by Danish development assistance are monitored and evaluated in accordance with the Danish guidelines for development aid. Denmark has been involved in joint evaluations of the organizations which implement AfT programmes, such as ITC.
Principal official agency responsible for TCB assistance to developing countries
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs/Danida
Asiatisk Plads 2
DK-1448 Copenhagen K
Tel: +45 3 392 0000
Fax: +45 3 254 0533
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Trade, foreign policy and development co-operation fall under the remit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), with the Minister for Development Co-operation being responsible for all matters relating to Danish development cooperation.
Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) is the official development cooperation agency of the Government of Denmark under the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Danish Development Policy focuses upon eradication of poverty and ensuring sustainable development. It works in select countries referred to as programme countries and provides support to NGOs as well as governmental agencies. DANIDA has been providing aid mostly to Africa in the recent years.
Other government and official agencies with responsibilities directly relevant to TCB
Danish Trade Council
Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Asiatisk Plads 2
DK-1448 Copenhagen K
Tel: +45 3 392 0884
Danish Trade Council: The Trade Council of Denmark is the link between Danish exporters and over 100 Danish embassies, consulates general and trade commissions abroad. It is part of the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Its customer unit arranges individual, non-binding meetings with enterprises about opportunities in the export markets. A number of experienced export consultants in its customer unit provide enterprises with specific market information and support their export promotion. The Trade Council offers professional help on export planning and market information.
For more information: http://www.um.dk/en/menu/TradeAndInvestment/Services/CustomerUnit/
DANIDA’s Centre for Competence Development (DCCD): DCCD was established in 2002 to ensure targeted, up-to-date and individualised competence development. Its target groups are MFA staff working on international development co-operation and DANIDA advisers. DCCD’s core responsibilities include: (i) pre-departure programmes for staff posted to the Danish missions in the form of individually-tailored programmes; (ii) on-going competence development in the field of development co-operation in the form of seminars, courses, and e-learning programmes; and (iii) establishment of IT-based professional networks within key priority sectors. The range of training covers thematic courses (e.g., public finance management, human rights, mainstreaming cross-cutting themes) and administration of Danish aid (e.g., aid management guidelines, aid effectiveness, monitoring indicators).
For more information: http://www.umkc.dk/en/servicemenu/News/NewCompetenceCentre.htm
Danish Accreditation and Metrology Fund (DANAK): DANAK is a service company handling the administration of accreditation and metrology in Denmark and is based on a contract with The Danish Safety Technology Authority, which is part of the Danish Ministry of Economics and Business Affairs. The primary activities are accreditation and metrology. DANAK cooperates with a number of international organizations to ensure that Danish regulations and demands in the areas of accreditation and metrology are at an international level and recognized globally.
For more information: http://webtool.danak.dk/Plone/english/
Danish Development Research Network (DDRN): As of January 2007, the Research Network for Governance, Economic Policy and Public Administration (GEPPA), the Network for Agricultural Research for Development (NETARD), and the Research Network for Environment and Development (ReNED) merged into the Danish Development Research Network (DDRN). The purpose of the merger was to enhance cross-sectoral North-South collaboration and coordination of research for development. DDRN supports DANIDA in the area of research and policy formulation. DDRN’s development objective is to contribute to the inclusion of research and research-based knowledge in development assistance and in partner countries’ development activities. It facilitates thematic platforms in such areas as trade, the private sector and economic development.
For more information: http://ddrn.dk/index.php?side_id=60
Danish Import Promotion Programme (DIPP): The DIPP is integrated in the Danish Chamber of Commerce and is funded by DANIDA. It aims to assist exporters from developing countries access the Danish market, providing them with a contact network with Danish importers and providing them, their business support organizations and embassies accredited to Denmark with information about the Danish market (i.e., the sectoral survey and export guide “Exporting to Scandinavia”).
Danish Standards (DANSK): DANSK is Denmark’s national standardisation body and one of the leading certification enterprises in Denmark. It works within a national framework set by the Ministry for Economic and Business Affairs, which sets out the body’s activities as a national standardisation organization. Danish Standards develops and publishes standards, and provides training and offers consultancy services to the public and private sectors. In addition, it has been designated as the national enquiry point for the WTO, in which capacity it assists foreign companies with their exports to Denmark and is responsible for notification to the WTO on national technical regulations which may constitute technical barriers to trade.
Industrialisation Fund for Developing Countries (IFU): IFU is a financial institution established by the Danish Government in 1967 as a self-governing fund which co-finances projects in developing countries with a per capita income below US$5,115 (in 2005). IFU’s sister fund, IØ, the Investment Fund for Central and Eastern Europe, was established in 1989. IØ can co-finance projects in Central and Eastern European countries which lie outside the European Union. The two funds share the same supervisory and executive boards. Their total equity capital is €379 million. IFU/IØ has unique knowledge of assessing and facilitating partner relations. Through the years, the funds have gained considerable insight and knowledge about the potential strengths and pitfalls of partnership. IFU is an independent, self-governing fund associated with the Ministry for Development Cooperation, which appoints the Fund’s board of directors and its managing director. In all other matters, IFU is a self-governing institution with a special obligation and commitment to proper management, high environmental standards and social responsibility in investment projects in developing countries.The funds have six offices abroad and an extensive network of advisors in the countries where they work.
Other official or government trade-related organizations
Danish Patent and Trademark Office (DPTO): DPTO has been involved for over 10 years with international projects which support the development of an efficient intellectual property infrastructure worldwide. The geographical scope of its activities has mainly been Central and Eastern Europe, butduring the last few years it has expanded its operations into Asia and the Middle East. It cooperates mainly with governmental institutions but also assists private consultancy companies working with IPR-projects. Its main fields of expertise include capacity building, inter-institutional cooperation and enforcement of IPR.
Danish Globalisation Council: The Danish Globalisation Council was established by the Danish Government. Its terms of reference are to give advice on strategies for developing Denmark into a leading growth, knowledge and entrepreneurial society. Some of the subjects discussed are: (i) education: (ii) research; (iii) how to spread knowledge; (iv) innovation; and (v) internationalisation. The Council comprises high-level representatives of trade unions, industrial organizations, companies, the education and research community, and the Danish Government. The Government representatives include the Prime Minister, the Minister for Economic and Business Affairs, the Minister of Finance, the Minister for Education, and the Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation.
Export Promotion Denmark provides the private sector with specialized support services in logistics and events management, specifically: (i) project conception and planning; (ii) matching partners according to targets; (iii) planning, coordination and production in Denmark and abroad; (iv) budget control of sub-suppliers and partners; (v) management of delivery and budgets; and (vi) follow-up services evaluation, reporting and auditing. Export Promotion Denmark promotes an active dialogue with international businesses and organizations.
International Centre for Research in Organic Food Systems (ICROFS): ICROFS is an expansion of the former Danish Agricultural Research Centre for Organic Farming (DARCOF), to which the Danish Government has provided an international mandate and an international board. The secretariat of ICROFS initiates, coordinates and participates in national and international research activities in organic farming and food systems. It is also active in disseminating organic research results and knowledge on the importance of organic food systems. It promotes understanding of the characteristics of organic food systems and contributes to a knowledge-based development of organic food systems, nationally and internationally.
For more information: http://www.icrofs.org/Pages/About_ICROFS/index.html
Non-governmental organizations involved in TCB
Confederation of Danish Industry (DI): DI is a lobbying organization for Danish business on national and international issues. Its membership consists of private enterprises within the manufacturing and services sectors and covers virtually all sub-sectors. DI is financed and owned by its members and governed by a council and executive committee elected by the annual general assembly. Its activities are categorised as: (i) policy advocacy – at local, national and international level; (ii) membership services – information, advisory and consulting services; and (iii) network relations – between members and with society at large.
For more information: di.dk/English/AboutDI/Pages/confederation.aspx
Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS): DIIS is an independent research institution engaged in research in international affairs. It draws up reports and analyses and follows developments in international affairs in order to assess the status of Denmark’s security and foreign policy, including aspects of relevance to development policy. Its research unit “Global Economy, Regulation and Development” (GEARED) explores development issues in the broader setting of current trends and transformations in the global economy. DIIS contributes to the education of researchers, supports the development of research capacity in developing countries and establishes contacts between Danish and international research environments.
For more information: http://www.diis.dk/sw20949.asp
Danish Research Institute of Food Economics (FOI): This is an independent research institute at the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University (KVL) in Denmark. FOI provides undergraduate, graduate and Ph.D. programmes in agricultural economics, international and development economics, and environmental and resource economics. Its mission is to contribute to a better understanding of the economic aspects of the production, consumption and marketing of agricultural and food products. It has long-held experience in providing applied-research-based analyses to policy makers in Danish and foreign governments as well as in international organizations. It participates in a large number of international research projects. Its most recent tasks have been to closely survey, analyse and discuss the economic effects of developed countries agricultural policies on their countries, considering both existing policies and policy reform scenarios that reflect the ongoing WTO trade negotiations.
For more information: http://www.foi.life.ku.dk/English.aspx
Danish Technological Institute – International Centre: The Danish Technological Institute is a self-owned and non-profit institution. It develops, applies and disseminates research and technological knowledge for the Danish and International business sector. Its International Centre has been designed to co-ordinate international activities at DTI in such areas as: (i) environment/cleaner production technology; (ii) standardisation, certification and quality infrastructures; (iii) human resource development; and (iv) SME business development. DTI implements a wide range of developmental projects through out the world, most of which are funded by the EU, DANIDA, the World Bank, the United Nations and other international donors.
TCB cooperation initiatives with UN/international agencies and bilateral partners
Denmark’s AfT commitments and disbursements to international organizations (multilateral assistance) for the three years 2009 to 2011 were approximately US$23 million. Multilateral assistance is managed by the Danish UN Mission in Geneva.
Denmark also provides financial contributions to the WTO’s Global Trust Fund and the Advisory Centre for WTO Law (ACWL).
The bulk of the Danish multilateral AfT is channelled through the Enhanced Integrated Framework and the International Trade Centre. In addition, Denmark also provides financial contributions to the WTO’s Global Trust Fund and the Advisory Centre for WTO Law (ACWL).
Selected TCB programmes and initiatives in this guide
- Business Advocacy Challenge (BUSAC) Fund, Ghana
- Business Advocacy Fund (BAF) Kenya
- Innovative Partnerships for Development (IPD) Programme
TRADE POLICY DEVELOPMENT
- Regional East African Integration Programme (REAP)
- Business Centre Programme Support (BSPS III) – Tanzania47
- IFU joint venture with Motorcare Uganda Ltd
- Mixed Credit Programme (Global)
- Support to Private Sector Development (SPSD II) Ghana
- Uganda Growth Programme (U-Growth)
COMPLIANCE SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
- Exports of tea, artichokes and other vegetables in Vietnam: quality and certification assistance
TRADE PROMOTION CAPACITY BUILDING
- Danish Import Promotion Programme (DIPP) in Mozambique
MARKET AND TRADE INFORMATION
- B2B programmes
- Support Programme for Enterprise Empowerment and Development (SPEED) Ghana
PHYSICAL TRADE INFRASTRUCTURE
- Reconstruction of the Takoradi – Agona junction road and improved axle load control (Ghana)
TRADE RELATED FINANCIAL SERVICES
- African Guarantee Fund (AGF) for small and medium enterprises
SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION