Bilateral Profiles and National Agencies > Brazil

General information on Brazilian development cooperation

Foreign policy is the major driver of Brazilian South–South cooperation and it has shaped the focus and geographical location of technical cooperation. In general, Brazil has acted on two fronts. On the one hand, it has worked effectively and proactively in the construction of an international development agenda and increased its participation in international organization programmes, seeking to propose and negotiate changes in the rules of global governance. In this context, the country has proposed measures for improved governance on financial flows, fairer global trade rules for poor countries and increased participation of developing countries in international organizations, particularly in the UN System, Bretton Woods institutions, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and institutions responsible for negotiating and setting monitoring standards and rules and managing the risks of national and international financial institutions.

On the other hand, Brazil has increased its participation in various cooperation actions with developing countries, especially in South America, Central America and Africa. The actions of South–South technical cooperation Brazil participates in are inspired by the concept of solidarity diplomacy, in which the experience and knowledge of specialized domestic institutions are made available to other developing countries, unconditionally and disconnected from commercial profit-making interests, in areas considered the most relevant by the partner countries themselves.

The good results achieved by Brazil’s horizontal cooperation may be accredited to flexibility and versatility, both characteristics that stem from Brazil’s specific profile as a country that is still establishing enduring values within its own society. Another characteristic that explains the good performance of Brazil’s horizontal cooperation is that it reflects Brazil’s model of development: the country’s economic growth has been anchored in integrated public policies of social inclusion. (source: ABC)

Brazil regards the multilateral trading system as the priority of its foreign trade policy, as it is one of the main pillars for the establishment of a fair and balanced global economic system that can foster welfare and mitigate poverty worldwide.

The approach adopted by Brazilian South–South cooperation focuses on structural impact projects to promote the strengthening of institutional capacity for the formulation and implementation of strategies that are linked to long-term policies and targeted at the structural causes of poverty and hunger. Brazilian South–South cooperation focuses mostly on agriculture and food security, education, professional training and health.

The main goal of Brazilian South–South cooperation is capacity development. Brazil strongly believes that partner countries can benefit from the effective transfer of knowledge, and from the exchange of experiences previously developed under similar socio-economic realities.

Brazil supports the efforts of developing countries in the area of debt management, providing debt relief to debtor countries as a means to foster growth, trade and development, including Target 15 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Source: Brazilian Government

Technical cooperation among the members of the Common Market of the South (Mercosur) favours the exchange of knowledge and serves as a stimulus for the development of new techniques more suitable to the needs of the economic bloc. It also helps promote the basic goals of Mercosur, since it fosters innovation, diversifies the offer of goods and services and facilitates the adoption of common procedures and quality standards. Thus, in Mercosur, technical cooperation is a means to facilitate the circulation of goods, people and services, resulting in a more solid socio-economic integration.

Source: Questionnaire for South-South Cooperation, WTO, DDF documents/t/WT/AFT/1./doc, 2007

Aid for Trade (AfT) Strategy

Brazil’s AfT strategy is mainly focused on the following categories: Trade Policy Analysis, Negotiation and Implementation, Supply Capacity Competitiveness, Trade Facilitation, Development of Infrastructure and Biofuels Production, mainly in Africa.

Brazilian ITC can be divided into two main fields. The first is related to social policies and working conditions. The second is concerned with economic sectors, such as agriculture, fishing, infrastructure, energy, mining, training, science and technology and industrial capacity.

In its geographic neighborhood, Brazil finances infrastructure projects, with a view to promoting regional integration and helping reduce transport costs for landlocked countries.

Brazil also provides capacity-building in trade-related areas, such as:

  1. Trade barriers;
  2. Trade negotiations: The “Investor’s Legal Guide” synthesizes information regarding the business environment and the legal and regulatory framework. This is a publication of the Investment Division of the Commercial Promotion Department in the Brazilian Ministry of External Relations;
  3. Legal framework: Support to Strengthening the Economic Integration and Sustainable Development of Merocosur (ECONORMAS);
  4. Standards;
  5. Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures: Harmonization of veterinary and phytosanitary norms and procedures, food security and farming production;
  6. Business support services:
    • Pilot project – Institutional Strengthening of the Port Sector of Benin;
    • Project: Institutional Strengthening of Professional and Technological Education in Benin in the Areas of Agro-Ecology and Cooperativism;
    • Project: Support to the Development of the Culture of Rice in Senegal;
    • The “Cotton-4 Project”, which increases the competitivity of the productive chain of cotton in Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali;
    • Project – Support to the Mercosur Information Society;
    • Project – Support to the Deepening of the Audiovisual and Cinematographic Integration Process of Mercosur;
  7. Banking; and
  8. Market regulation.

Principal official agency responsible for TCB assistance to developing countries

Ministry of External Relations

Brazilian Cooperation Agency ABC, under the aegis of the Ministry of External Relations

Palácio Itamaraty - Esplanada dos Ministérios - Bloco H -Brasília/DF - Brasil - CEP 70.170-900

http://www.itamaraty.gov.br

Brazilian development cooperation activities are coordinated by the Brazilian Cooperation Agency of the Ministry of External Relations (MRE/ABC). The current portfolio of South–South cooperation in the Agency comprises almost 300 hundred projects and activities, implemented in more than 80 developing countries.

In Africa, Asia and Oceania, a programme with successful results supports the establishment of centres for professional training.

The official Brazilian figure for expenditure on development cooperation between 2005 and 2009 is US$1.426 billion (IPEA 2010: 21). Of this total, US$1,082.2 million was spent on contributions to international organizations and US$125.6 million on technical cooperation. The technical assistance (TA) budget rose from US$11.4 million in 2005 to US$48.9 million in 2009, increasing its total share of the development cooperation budget from 7.22 to 13.49 per cent.

TCB cooperation initiatives with UN/international agencies and bilateral partners

Triangular cooperation has grown in recent years owing to the interest that developed countries have in associating themselves with the successful Brazilian model of horizontal cooperation. Triangular cooperation provides a space for development cooperation actors to coordinate efforts and optimize technical and financial resources, resulting in projects with more impact. Brazil has increased its triangular partnerships, either with developed countries such as Japan, Germany and the US, or with multilateral agencies, such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), International Labour Organization (ILO), Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), World Food Programme (WFP), Organization of American States (OAS) and World Health Organization (WHO) and, more recently, with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The majority is funded by Brazil.

Selected TCB programmes and initiatives in this guide

TRADE POLICY DEVELOPMENT

  • Project - Support to the Mercosur Information Society - Project
  • Project - Support to the Deepening of the Audiovisual and Cinematographic Integration Process of Mercosur - Project

LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Institutional and Technical Strengthening of Mozambique’s National Institute of Standardization and Quality (INNOQ)

SUPPLY CAPACITY

  • Exporta Fácil
  • Programme of Competitive Substitution of Imports
  • Project Centre for Professional Training Brazil–Jamaica (Hotel Maintenance in the Tourism Sector)
  • Project – Institutional Strengthening of Professional and Technological Education in Benin in the areas of Agro-Ecology and Cooperativism;
  • Project – Support to the Development of the Culture of Rice in Senegal;
  • The Cotton-4 Project: Increasing the competitivity of the productive chain of cotton in Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali.

COMPLIANCE SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES

  • Institutional and Technical Strengthening of Mozambique’s National Institute of Standardization and Quality (INNOQ)

TRADE FACILITATION

  • Institutional and Technical Strengthening of Mozambique’s National Institute of Standardization and Quality (INNOQ)
  • Local Currency Payment System

PHYSICAL TRADE INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America (IIRSA)
  • Pilot project – Institutional Strengthening of the Port Sector of Benin

SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION