Bilateral Profiles and National Agencies > Argentina

General information on the Argentine development cooperation

The Argentine Republic develops its activities of South South cooperation through the Fund for South-South and Triangular Cooperation (FO.AR), which is considered to be a fundamental tool to implement a foreign policy based on principles of solidarity, in which countries collaborate as partners, and benefit in equal measure.

Within Argentine cooperation, all initiatives must respect the development strategy of participating countries. Hence, to initiate FO.AR’s procedures, a proposal must be presented by the competent authority of the second state, or by an Argentine national public institution in the event that Argentina is requesting the cooperation.

The activity of FO.AR is concentrated in three important areas of action:

  • Administration and government;
  • Human rights; and
  • Sustainable development.

In accordance with the characteristics, requirements and priorities of the partnerships established with other countries, the modalities of exchange for use by participating organizations are the following:

  • Sending experts from Argentine institutions to provide technical assistance to local organizations;
  • Inviting technical staff from partner countries to visit Argentine institutions so they can acquire knowledge of processes, practices and specific experiences of possible use for their own organizations; and
  • Preparing and holding FO.AR seminars in countries that request them on specific topics of interest to their development strategy.

FO.AR was created in 1992 and has since then carried out its horizontal actions of solidarity without interruption, even during times of severe economic crisis, such as in 2001. In its 20 years of existence, it has enabled 5,000 technical cooperation activities in 55 countries.

Aid for Trade (AfT) Strategy

  • Argentina’s AfT strategy focuses on the following key aspects of trade capacity building:
  • Niche production opportunities;
  • SMEs;
  • Trade-related capacity building;
  • Customs administration;
  • Export procedures;
  • Trade practices;
  • Market studies;
  • Methods of production;
  • Quality development;
  • Certification; and
  • International standards

With respect to trade as a tool of development, the FO.AR has done extensive work on the following:

  • Identifying niche production opportunities;
  • Promoting SMEs and cooperatives; and,
  • Building trade-related capacities on matters such as customs administration, export procedures and international trade practices, market studies, techniques and methods of production, methodologies of quality development, certification and collaborating with the setting of international standards.

Principal official agency responsible for TCB assistance to developing countries

Fund for South–South and Triangular Cooperation (FO.AR)

Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional / General Directorate of International Cooperation Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la República Argentina / Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship of the Argentine Republic

Esmeralda 1212 - Piso 12 - Of. 1204
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
C1007 ABR

Tel: +54 11 4819 7268
Fax: +54 11 4819 7272

Fund for South–South and Triangular Cooperation (FO.AR): FO.AR works on planning medium- and long-term actions with partner countries. Its main instruments to achieve this are bilateral commissions, which are based on international memoranda. Every year, FO.AR launches an invitation to submit proposals; once it has accepted these, it integrates them into a biennial programme. Commissions are supported by missions that aim to evaluate impact and monitor progress.

FO.AR is financed entirely by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, which covers the cost of the whole project for some countries or shares expenses for others (depending on the particulars of the arrangement). Public institutions contribute the human resources required for project execution. In this regard, Argentine public institutions are central to FO.AR activities. They exchange knowledge and experiences with their counterparts abroad, sending experts out and welcoming professionals from other countries. Many institutions of the Argentine state have already acquired broad experience in South–South and Triangular Cooperation; officials have been trained in the subject, have built relationships with several countries and have a history of successful projects.

A project is requested by completing project forms available from the FO.AR website at These must be sent to the Argentine Embassy in the corresponding country so as to initiate the joint process of project design and formulation.

Once a launch date is agreed execution begins, on the basis of the final terms of reference. Throughout the project until its conclusion, all participating institutions and foreign ministries involved receive regular and timely information on progress, through reports by experts, follow-up missions, bilateral commissions and meetings with authorities. Expert reports and meeting minutes describe the activities carried out and make recommendations to all the parties involved in the project.

Other government and official agencies with responsibilities directly relevant to TCB

Directorate- General for International Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship

Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional / General Directorate of International Cooperation Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la República Argentina / Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship of the Argentine Republic


Esmeralda 1212 - Piso 12 - Of. 1204
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
C1007 ABR

Tel.: +54 11 4819 7268
Fax: +54 11 4819 7272

Directorate- General for International Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship:

The primary responsibilities in South-South cooperation are:

  • Engagement in plans, programs and projects of bilateral and decentralized technical cooperation of the Argentine Fund for Horizontal Cooperation;
  • Engagement in the definition of policies and strategies for development cooperation in Argentina, as well as scheduling, resource allocation, development and implementation of management methodologies and evaluation of all activities inherent in coordinating and harmonizing these interests;
  • Acting as national focal point in the coordination, management control and evaluation of international cooperation activities carried out in multilateral institutions;
  • Coordinating activities of decentralized cooperation; and
  • Defining the scope of assistance provided by multilateral agencies, participating in programming and planning of at national and provincial level and in the projects resulting from this process.

TCB cooperation initiatives with UN/international agencies and bilateral partners

The Argentine Republic has started its activities of triangular cooperation with the Partnership Program with JICA, the Japanese agency of international cooperation. One such example is the preparation and execution with JICA of a Latin American Course in food self production and Local Development. In this course every year professionals from all over Latin America are trained on the basis of the Argentine Pro Huerta [Pro vegetable and fruit garden] Program and National food Security Plan.

Since then, it has signed various Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) with UN agencies, aiming at developing triangular projects among Argentina, the Agency and a third country. These MoU have been signed with FAO, UNICEF and UNOPS and involve different forms of financing, but mainly involves FOAR funding of tickets and expenses and the UN agency covering other components of the project.

Selected TCB programmes and initiatives in this guide


  • Productive development of the Argentine Uruguayan River Banks (LAU)
  • Strengthening health regulations and regulation of medicines in the CariCom countries
  • Strengthening of the technical capacity of public officials of the Under Secretariat of State for Taxation


  • Adaptations and production systems implemented in the sector of persons with disabilities in the production of textile manufactures
  • Added value and quality in the production of dairy derivatives in Arequipa and Cajamarca, Peru
  • Cross-border technical cooperation programme in fish farming
  • Design, added value and quality in the production of garments of camelid fibres in Arequipa and Lima, Peru
  • Development of small and medium-sized enterprises
  • Development of the meat sector and by-products, Ecuador
  • Dissemination and incorporation of production models in dairy farms, divided into zones for different categories of producers, Panama
  • Drawing up and implementation of a bi-national work plan for commercial forestry plantations
  • Latin American course in food self-production and local development
  • Fish farming in Paraguay
  • Management for the Competitiveness and Quality of Tourist Destinations
  • Obtaining functional foods and other related products by means of microencapsulation of substances of nutritional interest
  • Prohuerta Programme, Haiti
  • Research and technological development in conservation/precision agriculture when under irrigation for the most important agricultural crops in north-western Mexico
  • Strengthening of capacities in the health and reproductive management of dairy cattle in the La Libertad region, Peru
  • Strengthening of knowledge in the functioning of municipal abattoirs
  • Strengthening of the productive capacity of sugar cane in San Buenaventura, Bolivia
  • Strengthening of the textile clothing value chain in Paraguay, and design improvements in different areas
  • Technical assistance and training in processing wines in the Valle de Tacna, Peru
  • Technical Strengthening in processing diary derivatives in the Puno region, Peru
  • Technical training for wheat production in Bolivia
  • Technological development for the semi-commercial production of mycorrhizae between Argentina and Colombia
  • Training and technical assistance in improving the quality of fibre and meat of camelids (llamas and alpacas)
  • Training and technical assistance programme in good agricultural practices for the olive-growing sector, and good manufacturing practices and hazard analysis and critical control points for processing table olives
  • Training in formulating balanced rations for dairy cattle, and technical assistance in formulating national policy on milk production in Bolivia
  • Training in preventing loss of harvests and post-harvesting of maize and potato


  • Improvement in milk quality to improve productivity and safety in the dairy supply chain in Colombia and Argentina


  • Measuring the social investment in youth population
  • Statistical Information


  • Technical assistance in customs matters